Sjogrens Syndrome Can Be Misdiagnosed As Multiple Sclerosis; Symptoms Are Similar
Sjogren’s syndrome can actually cause symptoms similar to multiple sclerosis .
Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease that is commonly associated with dry mouth due to decreased salivary gland secretion, and dry eyes due to decreased lacrimal gland secretion.
However, SS can become systemic, affecting many areas of the body, including the nervous system.
As a result, symptoms similar to multiple sclerosis can result from Sjogren’s syndrome.
“Neurological manifestations of Sjogren’s syndrome are protean . Parkinson’s-like is unusual, but MS-like is not uncommon,” explains Ali D. Askari, MD, Professor of Medicine – Case Western Reserve University; Chief, Division of Rheumatology – University Hospitals Case Medical Center; Director, Rheumatology – University Hospitals Case Medical Center. Because SS commonly affects the joints, specialists in this disorder are often rheumatologists.
“In one study 20 percent of patients with what was called primary progressive multiple sclerosis turned out to have Sjogren’s syndrome.”
MRI findings on the brain, says Dr. Askari, can be very similar between Sjogren’s syndrome and multiple sclerosis.
“Other important neurologic manifestations seen in Sjogren’s syndrome include Parkinson’s-like or hemi-Parkinsonism with movement abnormalities including stiffness and tremors.
And this is because brain lesions are also seen with multiple sclerosis.
“We have seen a number of patients with those findings and we have treated most successfully.
Disorders Of The Oral Cavity In Parkinsons Disease And Parkinsonian Syndromes
1Department of Neurology, Movement Disorders Unit, Tel Aviv Medical Center, 6423906 Tel-Aviv, Israel
2Neurology Department, Soroka University Medical Center, 84101 Beer Sheva, Israel
3Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
Awareness of nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease is growing during the last decade. Among these, oral cavity disorders are, although prevalent, often neglected by the patients, their caregivers, and physicians. Some of these disorders include increased prevalence of caries and periodontal disease, sialorrhea and drooling, xerostomia, orofacial pain, bruxism, and taste impairment. Though many of these disorders are not fully understood yet and relatively few controlled trials have been published regarding their treatment, physicians should be aware of the body of evidence that does exist on these topics. This paper reviews current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment options of disorders of the oral cavity in Parkinson’s disease patients.
The pathogenesis of these disturbances in PD may be multifactorial: some disorders occur due to general motor impairment and hypokinesia ; others may be a manifestation of involuntary movements , due to medication , as a part of sensory dysfunction , or in relation to depressive symptoms .
2. Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease
3. Sialorrhea and Drooling
5. Orofacial Pain and Burning Mouth Syndrome
Q: How Can Occupational Therapy Treatment Improve Oral Health
Occupational therapists specialize in improving fine motor control with exercise and adaptive modifications. By following instructions and recommendations from your occupational therapist, you can improve your ability to perform oral care and many other common daily activities . Consider asking your doctor for a referral to an occupational therapist to see if there are ways to improve your ability to brush and floss your teeth.
Incorporating adaptive tools into your dental routine can also improve your oral care. For example, electric toothbrushes are an easy way to incorporate adaptive tech into your daily routine. As an added bonus, many of these toothbrushes have handles that are easier to hold and grip. A number of electric toothbrushes offer timers that beep every 30 seconds to remind you to move on to another “quadrant” of your mouth so you brush for the recommended length of two minutes.
Another simple way to alleviate symptoms of dry mouth is to stay properly hydrated. Every healthy adult should drink 8 to 10 pint sized glasses of water each day in addition to incidental liquids obtained through food and other sources.
Keep a water bottle with a tight fitting lid nearby so you can take small sips throughout the day to increase your water intake. This additional hydration will also improve medication efficiency and potentially improve symptoms of orthostatic hypotension .
Cbd Oil Side Effect #5: Inhibition Of Hepatic Drug Metabolism
When discussing CBD side effects, the inhibition of hepatic drug metabolism can be looked at as nothing more than a minor side effect at best.
Let me explain:
CBD can cause the inhibition of hepatic drug metabolism, while also decreasing the activity of p-glycoprotein. Through the inhibition of activity in certain liver enzymes known as cytochrome P450, CBD can actually interact with some types of pharmaceutical medications.
Which as a whole, these liver enzymes are responsible for metabolizing the vast majority of pharmaceutical medications that are used to treat humans. Assuming you’re a human, if you take a high dose of cannabidiol oil it can temporally counteract the activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes. Altering the way these drugs are metabolized inside your body.
At most, this is a very minor CBD side effect and you shouldn’t worry. In fact, the deactivation of cytochrome P450 enzymes is how CBD neutralizes the sometimes overwhelming psychoactive effects of THC.
Cbd Oil Side Effect #6: Increased Parkinsons Disease Tremors
During the early days of cannabidiol research, one study found that the use of CBD in larger doses increases tremors that are associated with Parkinson’s Disease.
However, recent studies have suggested the opposite. Showing that cannabidiol is a safe and beneficial treatment option for patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.
Will My Parkinsons Mean I Need To See A Specialist Dentist
It’s important to tell your dentist that you have Parkinson’s and how it affects you.
Most dentists will be able to treat people at all stages of the condition.
If your dentist feels you need specialist care, they will refer you to a colleague on the General Dental Council’s ‘special care’ register.
If you have to have dental surgery, talk to your dentist about Parkinson’s symptoms you experience and how these may affect your operation.
You should also tell your dentist about your drug regime so that you continue to get the right dose when you have your operation.
If you’ve had deep brain stimulation and you now need to have a dental operation, you will need to take antibiotics. This will help make sure that you don’t get an infection or another issue that could affect your deep brain stimulation device.
If you wear dentures Parkinson’s may mean you have difficulty controlling them. This could be because of:
- problems controlling your facial muscles
- loss of muscle tone
Q: How Do Botulum Toxin Injections Affect Oral Health
In some instances, medications can be prescribed to control excessive saliva or drooling for people with Parkinson’s. Sometimes these medications are not effective enough to satisfactorily control drooling. In that case, your physician might suggest injections of botulinum toxin. Small amounts of botulinum toxin are injected directly into the salivary glands inside the mouth in order to temporarily shut down saliva production. Typically, botulinum toxin is injected into the parotid glands and/or the submandibular glands. Parotid glands are activated during chewing and submandibular glands produce a significant amount of saliva . These injections can be an effective approach to addressing drooling and can provide relief for up to 3 months at a time. Another benefit may include keeping dentures properly sealed and reducing breakdown of the skin in the corners of the mouth.
Occasionally this approach can simply be “too effective” at reducing saliva production, causing dry mouth. As previously outlined in this article, dry mouth caused by lack of saliva can have a negative impact on oral health.
Suck on sugar free hard candies or chew sugar free cinnamon gum to initiate saliva production.
All About Dry Mouth: Causes Symptoms And Treatments
While dry mouth might initially sound like nothing more than a minor inconvenience, it can potentially lead to several other oral health concerns when left untreated. Saliva plays an important role in our mouths; it keeps the mouth moist, aids in digestion, and helps control bacteria that reside in the mouth. Dry mouth, then, results from a lack of appropriate saliva production. Besides being uncomfortable, dry mouth can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and an increase in mouth infections. Are you suffering from dry mouth? Read on to learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatments for this common condition.
How Do I Know If I Have A Speech Or Voice Problem
- My voice makes it difficult for people to hear me.
- People have difficulty understanding me in a noisy room.
- My voice issues limit my personal and social life.
- I feel left out of conversations because of my voice.
- My voice problem causes me to lose income.
- I have to strain to produce voice.
- My voice clarity is unpredictable.
- My voice problem upsets me.
- My voice makes me feel handicapped.
- People ask, “What’s wrong with your voice?”
Swallowing Difficulties And Parkinsons Medication
If swallowing tablets or capsules becomes difficult, it may be tempting to crush tablets or open capsules, but this should never be done, as it can cause serious side effects and/or prevent the medication working properly. Always ask your pharmacist or doctor, or check the patient information leaflet before tampering with medicines in any way. Swallowing medications with jelly, yoghurt or apple sauce may help you swallow medication more comfortably.
Many Parkinson’s medicines are prepared or designed to work in a particular way that will be harmed by crushing or opening capsules. For example, some medicines have:
- Sugar or film coating: This is usually to make them taste better, but crushing may make them taste unpleasant.
- Enteric coating: This coating is designed to keep the tablet whole in the stomach, in some cases to protect the stomach or to protect the medicine from stomach acid so that it is released after passing through the stomach, for example in the intestine. This type of tablet should never be crushed.
- Modified or controlled release: These medications have been designed to release slowly and act over a longer period, so they can be taken less often. Crushing this type of tablet would lead to a rapid release of the medicine which could be harmful.
If you experience any problems you should talk to your doctor, so that he or she can prescribe medication in a form that is easier to take. Some medicines are available in liquid form.
What Causes Dry Mouth In People With Parkinson’s
Dry mouth can be caused by several factors including:
- Medications: Prescription and over the counter medicines are some of the most common causes of dry mouth. Reducing, stopping or changing certain medications can relieve dry mouth.
- Age: Advanced age alone is not a cause of dry mouth but half of those over age 60 take multiple maintenance medications that can trigger it.
- Medical conditions: Diabetes, Sjögren’s Syndrome and Parkinson’s disease can all cause you to experience dry mouth.
There are several connections between Parkinson’s disease and dry mouth. Repeated swallowing consumes the available saliva that keeps the mouth moist. It is often related to the drugs used to manage PD, particularly anticholinergics. A physician may be able to change or adjust medications and dosages to reduce dry mouth.4
Potential Cbd Oil Side Effects You Need To Know
With all of the research studies uncovering the incredible health benefits of cannabidiol oil, you may begin to question whether or not hemp derived CBD oil has any potentially harmful side effects.
As with any drug, pharmaceutical or holistic, cannabidiol has effects on your body. So today we are going to discuss what causes these side-effects and the steps you can take to combat them.
But before you automatically jump to the conclusion that CBD has harmful side-effects, I’d like to say that the effects discussed below are rare and occur in only the most extreme cases.
Potential side effects that may be experienced with the use of CBD include:
- Dry Mouth
- Inhibition of Hepatic Drug Metabolism
- Increased Tremors in Parkinson’s Disease Patients
As you can see, when the side-effects of cannabidiol are compared to those of pharmaceuticals they are extremely minor!
Let’s now look into the potential side effects of CBD in greater depth.
Inflammation Of The Lining Inside Of The Mouth
Mucositis is inflammation of the moist tissue lining the mouth and digestive tract. This tissue is called the mucous membrane. Mucositis is a common side effect of chemotherapy treatment. Doctors think that certain chemotherapy drugs, including methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil, trigger a complex pattern of biological changes that damage the cells that make up the mucous membranes. Mucositis causes painful swelling of the mouth and tongue and can lead to bleeding, pain, and mouth ulcers. The condition can make it difficult to eat.
You are more likely to develop mucositis after taking chemotherapy drugs if you drink alcohol, use tobacco, do not take care of your teeth and gums, are dehydrated, or have diabetes, HIV, or kidney disease.
Chemotherapy medicines that can cause mucositis include:
Eating Swallowing Problems And Saliva Control
Eating and swallowing problems, known as dysphagia, occur in many medical conditions and become more common as we get older.
The main risks associated with swallowing problems are:
- Choking or asphyxiation: When food blocks the airway, preventing breathing. Also, when food or liquid enter the airway below the level of the vocal cords.
- Aspiration pneumonia: When food or liquid enter the lungs, this may cause a lung infection.
- Increased secretion: As a reaction to food or liquid entering the lungs.
- Dehydration: Lack of fluids can lead to problems such as constipation.
- Malnutrition: Lack of nourishment leads to poor health and harms the body’s ability to fight infection.
- Drooling: decrease in mouth sensitivity and / or a reduction in the frequence of swallowing saliva can cause drooling.
- Difficulties in swallowing medications.
Eating And Swallowing Problems And Parkinsons
Research suggests that eating and swallowing difficulties affect about a 90% of all people with Parkinson’s. The true figure may be even higher as some people do not report the problem to their health care team.
Swallowing is a motor function that includes three stages.
- The first stage is the oral phase: food is chewed and mixed with saliva to form a soft ball called bolus. The tongue then pushes the bolus to the back of the mouth, triggering the swallow reflex.
- The second stage is the pharyngeal phase: it is the involuntary closure of the larynx by the epiglottis and vocal cords, which temporarily inhibites breathing. These actions prevent food from going ‘down the wrong pipe’ into the trachea .
- The third stage is the esophageal phase: the bolus moves into the esophagus, the muscular tube that contracts to push the bolus into the stomach.
Unfortunately, many people with Parkinson’s experience swallowing problems due to reduced control and muscle tone of the jaw, lips, tongue and throat muscles, especially in later stages of the condition. Eating and swallowing becomes slower and requires more effort.
People with Parkinson’s are at particular risk of aspiration due to a delay in the triggering of their swallow reflex. This compromises the effectiveness of the airway protection while swallowing. This can lead to aspiration pneumonia due to a lack of coughing if food enters the windpipe, allowing food to reach the lungs unchecked.
How Can I Make Chewing And Swallowing Easier
The way you sit, the foods you eat, and how you eat can affect your ability to swallow. To use your posture to make chewing and swallowing easier, you can:
- Sit upright at a 90-degree angle.
- Tilt your head slightly forward.
- Stay seated or standing for 15-20 minutes after you eat a meal.
When you eat:
Increasing The Flow Of Saliva With Dry Mouth
If you have dry mouth, your doctor may also prescribe an oral rinse to restore mouth moisture. You can get these products over the counter in a rinse or spray. And there are toothpastes, mouthwashes, and moisturizing gels just for dry mouth; ask your dentist or doctor about them. If that doesn’t help, they may prescribe a medication that boosts saliva production called Salagen. Another prescription drug, Evoxac, is FDA-approved to treat dry mouth in people with Sjögren’s syndrome, an autoimmune disease linked to dry eyes, dry mouth, dry skin, and muscle pain.
Finally, promising new treatments are being studied. Scientists are working on ways to repair salivary glands that have been damaged and are developing an artificial salivary gland that can be implanted into the body.
What Are The Most Common Causes Of Dry Mouth
Dry mouth happens when something causes the salivary glands to produce less saliva. The most common causes of dry mouth are:
Hundreds of medications can reduce your body’s saliva production. If you check the information that comes with your medication, you may see “dry mouth” listed as a side effect.
Some medicines known to cause dry mouth include:
Other causes include:
- Dehydration: Sometimes, your body lacks enough fluids. For example, if you’re sick, don’t drink enough, or sweat a lot, you may get dehydrated.
- Mouth-breathing: You may breathe through your mouth at night, especially if you have a stuffy nose .
- Medical conditions: Dry mouth can be a sign of a more serious condition, such as diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke and Sjogren’s syndrome. Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease that causes the body to attack the glands that produce moisture. It occurs mostly in women who have gone through menopause.
Excessive Saliva And Drooling In Parkinsons
Saliva is needed for the first stages of digestion, including chewing and swallowing. This watery substance contains enzymes that start to digest our food.
Many people with Parkinson’s experience poor saliva control, which may result in excessive saliva and drooling, or alternatively, in a dry mouth and other eating problems.
Treating Eating And Swallowing Difficulties
If you or someone you care for is experiencing difficulties with eating, swallowing or saliva control, the first step is to consult your doctor, who may refer you on to an SLT / SLP.
Your doctor may be able to adjust the timing and dose of medicines so that these are working well at mealtimes and so swallowing problems are better managed when eating. However, for some patients, medications do not affect the swallowing function.
Your doctor may also adjust your medications, or may prescribe new ones to reduce production of saliva. Some Parkinson’s medicines, including levodopa, improve muscle movement and may help to reduce drooling. However, some medications, such as clozapine, which is prescribed for mental health problems, can actually increase saliva production.
Botulinum toxin can be injected into the salivary glands to reduce saliva production. This treatment will not work for everyone and injections may need to be repeated every three to six months. However, for some patients, Botox injections are not recommended and may be dangerous.
In severe cases when other treatments are not effective, radiotherapy to the salivary glands can restrict saliva production. In extreme cases the salivary glands can be surgically removed as a last resort.
Tips To Combat Increased Parkinsons Tremors
First off, if you or a loved one is diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease you should first consult with a doctor before starting CBD treatment. We also recommend starting out with smaller doses when beginning treatment with CBD.
Although unlikely, if you or a loved one notice the level of tremors increasing after consuming cannabidiol, reducing the dosage amount should help to minimize this potential side effect.
Slow Muscles Carrying Food To Your Stomach
Parkinson’s may also slow down the muscles carrying food down into your stomach. Food moving slowly down your food pipe to your stomach can make you feel full up. But once it arrives at your stomach you realise you’re still hungry. By this time the food on your plate may have gone cold and be unappealing.
Q: How Can Medications Improve Oral Health
Generally speaking, medications for Parkinson’s can improve oral care and oral health by improving movement and motor control. These medications allow people with Parkinson’s to move with more precision and less effort which facilitates better oral care. Deep brain stimulation treatment often provides a similar effect by improving movement that can lead to better oral care.
There are no specific medications prescribed directly to improve oral health. However, your dentist may recommend special oral care devices, as well as specialized toothpastes or oral rinses. For example, an oral rinse called chlorhexidine gluconate can be very effective when used in conjunction with brushing and flossing. Chlorhexidine is preferable to many over the counter mouthwashes because it does not contain alcohol, which can exacerbate symptoms of dry mouth and irritate oral tissues. Please note that this oral rinse requires a prescription from your dentist.
Cbd Oil Side Effect #4: Low Blood Pressure
Although minute, consumption of higher doses of CBD can cause a drop in your blood pressure. This often begins to go into effect within a few short minutes of cannabidiol entering your body. When your blood pressure begins to drop, that’s when you begin to experience feelings of lightheadedness as discussed above.
So if you are looking to use CBD for treatment, but you are currently using medication for blood pressure, you should first speak with your doctor before using cannabidiol oil.
Mechanisms For Drooling Disturbance In Pd
Patient reports of “too much saliva in my mouth” suggest hypersalivation as a cause. However, saliva production appears unchanged or even depressed in PD, indicating excessive salivation is not a crucial factor.26,38–40,45–47
Decreased salivary flow may relate to dysautonomia in PD. Hyposecretion may arise from medications common in PD.20,21,36 Altered reaction to stimulation, from reduced olfactory and other sensory triggers, may also play a role.48 Hou et al49 conducted a fMRI investigation to examine basal ganglia functional connectivity in drug-naïve people with PD who did or did not drool. Those with sialorrhea showed significantly reduced functional connectivity of putamen within bilateral sensorimotor cortices, superior and inferior parietal lobules and areas in the right occipital and temporal lobes.
Tips For Coping With Speech Difficulties
- Exercise your voice by reading out loud or singing every day.
- Drink enough water, avoiding shouting and rest your voice when it is tired.
- Train your voice like an actor—sit and stand with good posture, do exercises for articulation, breathing and projecting the voice.
- Get feedback from friends and family members about how others perceive your speech —develop a cue or code word you can use in public to make you focus on speaking clearly.
- If you have soft speech, use tools such as a voice amplifier , placed on your shirt, and on the telephone . Ask an occupational therapist about other tools.
- Make eye contact with the person to whom you are speaking.
- Reduce background noise.
- Socialize in small groups or one-on-one.
- If you experience a facial masking, use “feeling” words to communicate your emotions . Use practice physical gestures to help convey emotions.
- Determine which times of day your speech is best. Plan social engagements around those times.
Even in the early stages of PD, many report that their voices are too soft, causing others to ask them to repeat themselves. Other people with PD may have a gruff or hoarse quality to their voice. Try these strategies:
Page reviewed by Dr. Chauncey Spears, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinson’s Foundation Center of Excellence.
For more insights on this topic, listen to our podcast episode“Importance of Early Detection of Swallowing Disturbances.”
Ways Parkinsons Disease Affects The Eyes
According to the , Parkinson’s Disease “is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement. Symptoms start gradually, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. Tremors are common, but the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement.” There many other prevalent symptoms and complications of Parkinson’s and the eyes are no exception.
Diplopia is the medical term given to double vision. Unfortunately, it can be a common occurrence in patients with Parkinson’s Disease. It may occur in up to 30% of PD patients. The exact mechanism for the cause of the double vision in not fully understood. The double vision may occur in straight-ahead gaze or in a particular direction of gaze . Another very common source of double vision in PD is “convergence insufficiency,” which is when the eyes are unable to converge normally for up close visual activities like reading. This would produce double vision when only reading.
Double vision may be helped with PD medications if the person is not actively being treated. Interestingly, some PD medications themselves may cause double vision. If the double vision is consistent, the optometrist may be able to prescribe prism in the patients glasses to help compensate for the misalignment causing the double vision. If the double vision is due to convergence insufficiency, a separate pair of reading glasses with prism compensation may be best.
What Can I Do At Home To Treat Dry Mouth
Oral hygiene is essential if you have a dry mouth. Brush your teeth twice a day, and use mouthwash. Doing so will help prevent tooth decay. Cavities and decay are more common for people with dry mouth.
It’s also important to promote saliva production. Saliva protects your mouth and teeth from decay and disease. Some dry mouth remedies can help you produce more saliva and improve symptoms.
Chewing and sucking help stimulate saliva flow. Try:
- Ice cubes or sugar-free ice pops.
- Sugar-free hard candy or sugarless gum that contains xylitol.
- Water or other sugarless fluids, sipped frequently throughout the day.
These products may also help:
- Artificial saliva products to help you produce more saliva. These products are often available over-the-counter as a rinse or spray.
- Toothpastes and mouthwashes specially made for dry mouth.
- Lip balm.
- Cool-mist humidifier, especially if you breathe through your mouth at night.
Try to avoid:
- Acidic, spicy, salty, dry and sugary foods and beverages.
- Alcohol, caffeine and carbonated drinks.
- Mouthwashes with alcohol or peroxide, which may dry your mouth even more.
List Of Medications That Cause Dry Mouth
In real most of medications can cause dry mouth in human. Because of most of medications require liquid to work properly, dryness in mouth is come to normal condition after the meds usage. Find below most popular medications that can cause dry mouth:
Studies recommend medications used to treat hypertension like alpha blockers and beta blockers have side effects including dry mouth. Scientists also discovered calcium channel blockers can prevent saliva secretion. Specialists state ACE inhibitors used for dealing with high blood pressure as well as diabetes and kidney issues can likewise cause oral dryness.
Urinary Incontinence Drugs
Some drugs recommended to treat urinary incontinence caused by nerve over activity can cause dry mouth. Research studies show antimuscarinic drugs help counter the muscular convulsions that contribute to urinary frequency. However, this antimuscarinic residential or commercial property likewise impacts your body’s ability to secrete saliva — leaving you with that dry mouth sensation.
Eating Swallowing And Saliva Management
Some people with Parkinson’s may find they have difficulties with eating, swallowing and saliva control at some stage of their journey with Parkinson’s.
Parkinson’s can cause the muscles in the jaw and face to become stiff which affects the control of chewing and swallowing.
Preventing Tooth Decay Due To Dry Mouth
Not only does saliva help digest food and make it possible for you to chew and swallow, it is the natural mouth cleanser. Without saliva, tooth decay and gum disease are more likely. If you have a dry mouth, to fight tooth decay and gum disease, you need to be extra careful about following good oral hygiene habits, which consist of:
- Brushing your teeth at least twice a day , after every meal and before bedtime
- Flossing your teeth every day
- Using a toothpaste that contains fluoride
- Visiting your dentist for a checkup and cleaning at least twice a year; your dentist may recommend a daily fluoride rinse or fluoride gel to keep your teeth healthy.
Cbd Oil Side Effect #2: Lightheadedness
Another reported side effect of cannabidiol, although not common, is lightheadedness.
This is typically experienced in users administering higher doses of CBD and is caused by a drop in blood pressure. Although this CBD side effect is temporary, it can be a scary experience for an inexperienced user of cannabidiol.
If you experience lightheadedness after administering a dose of CBD, there is no need to freak out, here is what you should do.
Treatments To Improve Your Oral Health
There are many effective ways to treat dry mouth and improve oral health. Your dentist might prescribe medication to help increase saliva production or they may recommend a saliva substitute.
Some at-home tips for treating dry mouth include:
- Sugar-Free Gum or Mints: Mints and gum help battle dry mouth by stimulating saliva production. Look for products that contain xylitol – a sugar substitute that helps prevent cavities.
- Brush and Floss Regularly: Practicing proper oral health hygiene prevents plaque buildup. When plaque gets built up on your teeth, the acidity it what breaks down your tooth enamel, increasing the risk for cavities.
- Drink Plenty of Water: Staying hydrated increases saliva production and helps keep your body health. Drinking water with a meal will help rinse away any residual food debris.
Depending on the severity of your dry mouth, some dentists may recommend having in-office treatments or sealants. These are coatings applied to the surfaces of the teeth to protect them against decay.
If you experience dry mouth, talk to your dentist right away to determine the source of the problem.