So You Decided On The Advice Of Your Hypnotherapist To Write Down Everything You Were Feeling Could You Tell Us More About It What Benefits Do You Get From It
It was during one of our sessions that he asked me to write down my life, my feelings, my joys, my fears, my sorrows… In short, to empty my heart into a notebook. We don’t know what will become of it, but at least at first it helped me enormously to free myself and in a certain way to express the things and feelings I don’t dare say.
After that, well, that’s another story. I started the next day and I felt like I could shout and scream everything I wanted to say. I felt so good that it was an appointment I never missed.
I really needed it because people around me don’t talk about my condition, they avoid the subject, and then, on my end, I do everything so that nobody notices.
In life, nothing happens by chance, our paths crossed just when I needed it, that moment when you think that nothing can fix the situation you are in.
Remission Of Cognitive Deficits In Parkinsons Disease: Recovery From A Nonamnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Or Psychiatric Symptoms Remission
Jonas Jardim de Paula
1Laboratório de Investigações Neuropsicológicas , Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
2INCT de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Alfredo Balena 190, 30130-100 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
3Instituto Jenny de Andrade Faria de Atenção à Saúde do Idoso, Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
4Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
5Departamento de Saúde Mental, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
The concept of mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease refers to a cognitive disorder where the subject shows an objective impairment in one or more cognitive domains and lack of or only mild functional impairment . Due to the absence of uniformity in diagnostic criteria, there is little agreement in the literature on what subtype of MCI is the most frequent in Parkinson’s disease.
2. Case Description and Clinical Exam
3. Neuropsychological Assessment
3.1. Cognitive Status and Global Measures
The Dementia Rating Scale total score was chosen for global cognitive screening, since this test was well suited for the diagnosis of cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease .
3.2. Episodic Memory
Instead Of Burning Your Writings As You Say In Your First Testimonial You Chose To Publish Them Why Did You Do This What Do You Write About
Yes, I realized that everything I had written could perhaps help other people, so the idea of putting it all together and making a book was natural to me.
I’m not a writer, so it’s written very simply with ordinary words. As it was originally only for me, there are personal things, I thought I would take them out, but at the same time they are part of life and can help. I’m talking, for example, about constipation problems and all that it causes, we know that Parkinson’s sufferers are very much affected by this and as I’ve found a solution that helps me enormously, I’ve decided to leave everything.
I am therefore “laying myself bare” so that all my feelings are clear.
I also decided that this book would serve as a basis for me to go and speak at hospitals and other places.
I was admitted for a week at the regional hospital center in Lille to assess my condition and treatment and well, they couldn’t believe that my Parkinson’s hadn’t progressed when I explained all that I had been up to in my daily life.
A Cure Means Different Things To Different People But What We Can Be Certain Of Is That We Dont Yet Have One For Parkinsons
Charities these days are all promising their research will lead to a cure, but while humanity has eradicated, or is on the way towards eradicating, some infectious diseases — such as small pox, measles and polio — it is unlikely that we will ever see a day when humans do not get cancer, heart disease or neurological conditions like Parkinson’s.
Could You Remind Us Of What Sort Of Care You Received What Treatments Are You Taking Are They Effective
My treatment at the moment is:
- 6:00 AM : 1 Duopa 125 mg + 1 Azilect
- 7:30 AM: 1 Mirapex 2.10 mg + 1 Mirapex 1.05 mg
- 9:00 AM: 1 Duopa 62.5 mg
- 12:00 PM: 1 Duopa 125 mg
- 3:00 PM: 1 Duopa 62.5 mg
- 6:00 PM: 1 Duopa 125 mg
- 10:00 PM: 1 Duopa 125 LP + 1 Duopa 62.5 mg
And if I need it at night, I take 1 Duopa 62.5 mg.
It took more than a year to find this right dosage, and I think it suited me before, but with all the work I’m doing on myself and feeling better and better, I hope my neurologist will lower it soon.
Because I haven’t told you yet that my next goal is to put my Parkinson’s into remission! I don’t say cure, let’s not delude ourselves! After all, every year around the world, we hear these kinds of experiences where doctors don’t know why but people manage to do it.
You Have Been Seeing A Hypnotherapist As Well What Benefits Do You Get From Hypnosis
I have been seeing a hypnotherapist for 3 years now. Hypnosis has been a revelation for me and it is not unrelated to the benefits I feel. Today, it helps me mentally, spiritually and even in terms of my strength, it helps me to look within myself and understand myself better. Thanks to her, today, I am much more serene about the things that happen in my life.
I live my life as I have never lived it before, I have learnt to put things into perspective, I no longer get caught up in futile things.
But do know, this requires a lot of work at the beginning and I’m still not there yet. It’s an ongoing process but I do enjoy it as well.
New Treatment May Have The Potential To Slow Stop Or Reverse Parkinson Disease
Results from a recent study suggest that a revolutionary treatment may have the potential to slow, stop, or even reverse the progression of Parkinson disease.
Results from a February study of a revolutionary treatment suggest that it may be possible to slow, stop, or even reverse the progression of Parkinson disease, according to findings in the Journal of Parkinson’s Disease.
The 3-part, experimental study investigated whether using a novel delivery system to increase levels of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor can regenerate dying dopamine brain cells in patients with Parkinson disease and even reverse their condition. GDNF is a naturally occurring protein that promotes the survival of many types of neurons.
“I believe that this approach could be the first neuro-restorative treatment for people living with Parkinson’s, which is, of course, an extremely exciting prospect,” Steven Gill, MB, MS, FRCS, who designed the infusion device used in the study, said in a statement.
Initially, 6 patients enrolled in a pilot study which evaluated the safety of the treatment approach. After the pilot study, 35 additional individuals participated in a subsequent 9-month double-blind trial. Half of the participants were randomly assigned to receive monthly infusions of GDNF while the other half received placebos.
What Advice Would You Give To Carenity Members Living With Parkinson’s Disease
- LIVE! Don’t let parkinson’s take over your life, know that you are not alone and that social relationships are just as important as your treatment. You will notice that I hardly ever put a capital P in parkinson, it is not important enough for me anymore, let’s put it back in its rightful place.
- Above all, don’t let yourself be influenced by certain people around you. Like me, you will find that those around you have difficulty understanding. What I don’t understand is why people around me are not simply happy to see that my struggle is bearing fruit. That thanks to everything I’ve put in place, I’m going to succeed in stabilizing this disease, even if they don’t agree with the chosen method. After all, it’s my life, I’m the one in pain, I’m the one who has to live with the disease, I have to fight every day.
My behavior has certainly changed. Of course, when I see the number of neurologists who now realize that this disease is often due to the fact that we never dared to be ourselves, to say our way of thinking, to save ourselves… well, yes, I have changed!
What Can You Book Do For Members Who Are Also Affected By Parkinson’s Disease
I am aware that we are all different when it comes to Parkinson’s, that it develops differently in different people, but if I could convince even one person, I would be delighted!
I want people to understand that you have to fight, even if it’s not easy every day, you’re tired . But when I manage to do everything, I take such pride in having succeeded, in winning battles against the disease, that I forget the pain and what it cost me in effort. I also know that it’s giving me several more good years.
Factors Which Influence The Prognosis Of Schizoaffective Disorder
Like all illnesses, schizoaffective disorder is highly individualized. Within the framework of what makes schizoaffective disorder schizoaffective disorder, each person experiences it uniquely.
The personal nature of the disorder carries into its prognosis, too. Everyone’s outcome can be different. A big part of the reason for that involves specific prognostic factors:
- The way someone functioned before symptoms began
- How intense the symptoms are
- The nature and depth of the psychosis
- Whether psychotic and mood symptoms are congruent , or are they out of synch, one group beginning as the other group ends?)
- How persistent the symptoms are
- How negatively schizoaffective disorder affects cognitive functioning
- How many episodes does someone experience as time progresses
While there isn’t a cure for schizoaffective disorder, at least not yet, this illness can go into remission, a period in which symptoms aren’t present and functioning is good. The more the factors can be answered positively, the better the chances are that the signs and symptoms will recede.
People often experience schizoaffective disorder in cycles of symptoms and remission. It’s possible to achieve an outcome in which periods of remission are long and periods of symptoms are relatively mild.
While there are no guarantees because this complex disorder is different for everyone and so many different factors are involved, if you are living with schizoaffective disorder, the prognosis is good for getting better.
Its Not Just One Condition There Are Multiple Types Of Parkinsons
Like cancer, we are starting to understand the importance of subtyping Parkinson’s and developing tailored treatments that will be more successful than a one size fits all approach. Better understanding is coming from large scale studies that follow vast numbers of people with the condition over time. And we are starting to see how the subtypes of Parkinson’s have different symptoms, progression rates and even different responses to medication.
To effectively treat Parkinson’s, we probably need to tackle each of these subtypes differently, providing the right treatments and support to suit the individual and their form of Parkinson’s. And this starts with understanding more about how we classify and identify these different types.
You can read more about research into personalised treatments in our recent blog ‘Precision medicine for Parkinson’s, how close are we?’
What Lifestyle Changes Can I Make To Ease Parkinsons Symptoms
Exercise: Exercise helps improve muscle strength, balance, coordination, flexibility, and tremor. It is also strongly believed to improve memory, thinking and reduce the risk of falls and decrease anxiety and depression. One study in persons with Parkinson’s disease showed that 2.5 hours of exercise per week resulted in improved ability to move and a slower decline in quality of life compared to those who didn’t exercise or didn’t start until later in the course of their disease. Some exercises to consider include strengthening or resistance training, stretching exercises or aerobics . All types of exercise are helpful.
Eat a healthy, balanced diet: This is not only good for your general health but can ease some of the non-movement related symptoms of Parkinson’s, such as constipation. Eating foods high in fiber in particular can relieve constipation. The Mediterranean diet is one example of a healthy diet.
Preventing falls and maintaining balance: Falls are a frequent complication of Parkinson’s. While you can do many things to reduce your risk of falling, the two most important are: 1) to work with your doctor to ensure that your treatments — whether medicines or deep brain stimulation — are optimal; and 2) to consult with a physical therapist who can assess your walking and balance. The physical therapist is the expert when it comes to recommending assistive devices or exercise to improve safety and preventing falls.
Peripheral Triggering Factors May Precede Parkinson’s Disease
NEW ORLEANS—A triggering peripheral cause can be identified at least three years before the onset of sporadic Parkinson’s disease in about 91% of cases, according to research presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the American Neurological Association. Triggering factors include a habitual sleep posture, trauma and persistent pain, and/or peculiar and persistent motor habits.
If such factors are detected early, “remission is possible before irreversible destruction of the substantia nigra,” reported Gobinathan Devathasan, MD, a neurologist at the Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre in Singapore.
The findings are based on 140 patients with early Parkinson’s disease who were responsive to levodopa. Patients were questioned regarding their sleeping posture and position. Habitual sleepers were defined as having greater than 70% of their sleep time in either the right, left, supine, or prone position; others were grouped as nonhabitual or turning sleepers. The investigators also inquired about trauma and persistent pain, as well as peculiar and persistent motor habits and intense sport activities.
“Neurologists have been tardive to accept a peripheral initial cause because the most common factor—habitual nonturning—has not been identified as yet,” stated Dr. Devathasan. “Moreover, the gating theory sounds weak, and there was no alternative convincing mechanism.
What Other Body Systems Are Affected By Parkinsons Disease
It has long been understood that Parkinson’s disease does not just cause movement symptoms, but also causes a litany of non-motor symptoms with effects throughout the body. One of the organ systems that is affected is the cardiac system, encompassing the heart, as well as the major and minor blood vessels.
Schizoaffective Disorder Prognosis: Will I Ever Get Better
Prognosis is the expected outcome for someone living with schizoaffective disorder or any other illness. It’s a prediction of how well someone will do over time. If you’re living with schizoaffective disorder, you have a good chance of getting better.
Schizoaffective disorder prognosis is good. People with this psychotic disorder can and often do improve. In fact, a significant portion of people who have been diagnosed with this disorder and are receiving treatment improve. Nearly half of people with schizoaffective disorder are in remission approximately five years after diagnosis and about 25% function well socially for two-year stretches.
Prognosis is determined by comparing the outcome of one disorder to other, similar, disorders. There are other factors at work, too.
What Are The Primary Motor Symptoms Of Parkinsons Disease
There are four primary motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease: tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia and postural instability . Observing two or more of these symptoms is the main way that physicians diagnose Parkinson’s.
It is important to know that not all of these symptoms must be present for a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease to be considered. In fact, younger people may only notice one or two of these motor symptoms, especially in the early stages of the disease. Not everyone with Parkinson’s disease has a tremor, nor is a tremor proof of Parkinson’s. If you suspect Parkinson’s, see a neurologist or movement disorders specialist.
Walking or Gait Difficulties
What Is The First Line Treatment For Parkinson’s Disease
Levodopa, coupled with carbidopa, a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor , remains the gold standard of symptomatic treatment for Parkinson disease. Carbidopa inhibits the decarboxylation of levodopa to dopamine in the systemic circulation, allowing for greater levodopa distribution into the central nervous system.
What Is The Relationship Between Parkinsons And Dopamine
The film explains that Parkinson’s disease develops in the substantia nigra part of the brain when the cells begin to die. These cells produce dopamine and the loss of dopamine in the brain leads to issues with movement. Cancer drug raises dopamine levels and eases Parkinson’s symptoms in early clinical trial.
How Long Does It Take For Parkinsons Disease To Progress
In most cases, symptoms change slowly, with substantive progression taking place over the space of many months or years. Many people with PD have symptoms for at least a year or two before a diagnosis is actually made. The longer symptoms are present, the easier it is to predict how a person with PD will do over time.
What Are The Side Effects Of Too Much Carbidopa Levodopa
Dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, trouble sleeping, unusual dreams, or headache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. This medication may cause saliva, urine, or sweat to turn a dark color.
Prognosis Of Schizoaffective Disorder Vs Other Disorders
Of all the psychotic disorders, schizoaffective disorder has one of the best outcomes. Among people living with other psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia, it is those with schizoaffective disorder that have the highest chance of regaining their previous level of functioning.
Part of the reason for this is that the entire course of schizoaffective disorder is intermediary. It involves periods of remission occurring between periods of symptoms. Schizophrenia, by contrast, isn’t as cyclical and the likelihood is less that someone will have significant periods of remission.
However, when broken down into components, the picture is not so clear. For example, looking at a single aspect of functioning, being able to hold stable employment, people with either schizoaffective disorder or schizophrenia have a less positive predicted outcome than anyone who doesn’t live with these disorders.
The prognosis for schizoaffective disorder is favorable when compared with other psychotic disorders. Because it has components of mood disorders though, it also must be compared to major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , mood disorders have a better prognosis than schizoaffective disorder.
The prognosis for schizoaffective disorder isn’t entirely random. There are factors at work that influence the outcome of this psychotic disorder with mood features.
How Patients Are Using Cycling To Slow Down Parkinson’s
Parkinson’s symptoms include tremor, rigid muscles and problems with movement. While early treatment can delay the worst symptoms, people almost always get worse. About 60,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease each year and about a million Americans have Parkinson’s now.
No medical therapy can cure Parkinson’s and while exercise was always shown to help people feel better, it was not generally accepted as a true therapy until recently.
Now teams are trying to find out how much exercise helps and just which symptoms it affects. Doctors say they’d be thrilled just to slow the inevitable worsening of the disease and if they can freeze progression or reverse symptoms, that would be a home run.
Corcos and colleagues say the most intense exercise appears to have at least temporarily frozen symptoms in many of their volunteers.
“The earlier in the disease you intervene, the more likely it is you can prevent the progression of the disease,” Corcos said in a statement.
“We delayed worsening of symptoms for six months,” he added. “Whether we can prevent progression any longer than six months will require further study.”
Related: Walking Helps Parkinson’s
They worked with 128 patients with early stage Parkinson’s. They randomly assigned them to either moderate exercise four days a week, intense exercise four days a week, or no additional exercise.
“This is not mild stretching. This is high intensity,” Corcos said.
Related: Gut germs affect Parkinson’s
What Are The Surgical Treatments For Parkinsons Disease
Most patients with Parkinson’s disease can maintain a good quality of life with medications. However, as the disease worsens, medications may no longer be effective in some patients. In these patients, the effectiveness of medications becomes unpredictable – reducing symptoms during “on” periods and no longer controlling symptoms during “off” periods, which usually occur when the medication is wearing off and just before the next dose is to be taken. Sometimes these variations can be managed with changes in medications. However, sometimes they can’t. Based on the type and severity of your symptoms, the failure of adjustments in your medications, the decline in your quality of life and your overall health, your doctor may discuss some of the available surgical options.
What Is The Outlook For Persons With Parkinsons Disease
Although there is no cure or absolute evidence of ways to prevent Parkinson’s disease, scientists are working hard to learn more about the disease and find innovative ways to better manage it, prevent it from progressing and ultimately curing it.
Currently, you and your healthcare team’s efforts are focused on medical management of your symptoms along with general health and lifestyle improvement recommendations . By identifying individual symptoms and adjusting the course of action based on changes in symptoms, most people with Parkinson’s disease can live fulfilling lives.
The future is hopeful. Some of the research underway includes:
- Using stem cells to produce new neurons, which would produce dopamine.
- Producing a dopamine-producing enzyme that is delivered to a gene in the brain that controls movement.
- Using a naturally occurring human protein – glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor, GDNF – to protect dopamine-releasing nerve cells.
Many other investigations are underway too. Much has been learned, much progress has been made and additional discoveries are likely to come.
What Medications Are Used To Treat Parkinsons Disease
Medications are the main treatment method for patients with Parkinson’s disease. Your doctor will work closely with you to develop a treatment plan best suited for you based on the severity of your disease at the time of diagnosis, side effects of the drug class and success or failure of symptom control of the medications you try.
Medications combat Parkinson’s disease by:
- Helping nerve cells in the brain make dopamine.
- Mimicking the effects of dopamine in the brain.
- Blocking an enzyme that breaks down dopamine in the brain.
- Reducing some specific symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
Levodopa: Levodopa is a main treatment for the slowness of movement, tremor, and stiffness symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Nerve cells use levodopa to make dopamine, which replenishes the low amount found in the brain of persons with Parkinson’s disease. Levodopa is usually taken with carbidopa to allow more levodopa to reach the brain and to prevent or reduce the nausea and vomiting, low blood pressure and other side effects of levodopa. Sinemet® is available in an immediate release formula and a long-acting, controlled release formula. Rytary® is a newer version of levodopa/carbidopa that is a longer-acting capsule. The newest addition is Inbrija®, which is inhaled levodopa. It is used by people already taking regular carbidopa/levodopa for when they have off episodes .
A Cure For Bipolar Disorder Is Remission Of Symptoms
Bipolar disorder is a life-long illness and no one in the medical community is suggesting bipolar can be “cured” . The best that can be hoped for is a suppression of symptoms through treatment. In the best case scenario, the person with bipolar disorder would take medication, attend therapy, build relationships, get a job, be happy and live one of those normal lives everyone seems to talk about.
How often do you get that normal life? Well, I can’t say. In my experience, almost never, but that’s probably because I only hear from people who are experiencing difficulties. Those who don’t struggle as much probably aren’t reaching out to bipolar writers.
How Are Parkinson Disease And Schizophrenia Related
Summary: A new study shows that patients with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder have an increased risk of Parkinson’s disease later in life. The increased risk may be due to alterations in the brain’s dopamine system caused by dopamine receptor antagonists or neurobiological effects of schizophrenia.
What Are The Different Stages Of Parkinsons Disease
Each person with Parkinson’s disease experiences symptoms in in their own unique way. Not everyone experiences all symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. You may not experience symptoms in the same order as others. Some people may have mild symptoms; others may have intense symptoms. How quickly symptoms worsen also varies from individual to individual and is difficult to impossible to predict at the outset.
In general, the disease progresses from early stage to mid-stage to mid-late-stage to advanced stage. This is what typically occurs during each of these stages:
Early symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are usually mild and typically occur slowly and do not interfere with daily activities. Sometimes early symptoms are not easy to detect or you may think early symptoms are simply normal signs of aging. You may have fatigue or a general sense of uneasiness. You may feel a slight tremor or have difficulty standing.
Often, a family member or friend notices some of the subtle signs before you do. They may notice things like body stiffness or lack of normal movement slow or small handwriting, lack of expression in your face, or difficulty getting out of a chair.
Standing and walking are becoming more difficult and may require assistance with a walker. You may need full time help to continue to live at home.
What Is The Best Treatment For Parkinson Disease
Levodopa, the most effective Parkinson’s disease medication, is a natural chemical that passes into your brain and is converted to dopamine. Levodopa is combined with carbidopa , which protects levodopa from early conversion to dopamine outside your brain. This prevents or lessens side effects such as nausea.
Ways To Improve Parkinsons Symptoms And Outcomes
If you or someone you love has Parkinson’s disease, you need to know the difference diet can make.
Studies shows that the future looks brighter for people with Parkinson’s who follow a healthy diet. But not just any old healthy diet…
There are certain dietary requirements unique to Parkinson’s that don’t necessarily apply to people with other diseases. One of those requirements relates to weight.
Often times, people who are diagnosed with a serious disease make major lifestyle changes, including losing weight. For some people, eating healthier and losing weight soon after a serious diagnosis is enough to send the disease into remission.
But the latest research shows that’s not the best path for people with Parkinson’s. Sure, you should eat healthy. But you should also eat plenty and do what you can to keep the weight on…
How Can I Reverse Parkinson’s Disease Naturally
Since Parkinson’s is closely connected to a lack of dopamine cells in your body, researchers are looking for ways to increase dopamine naturally through your diet. The secondary symptoms of Parkinson’s, such as dementia and confusion, might also be improved through lifestyle changes like diet and exercise.
Weight Loss Is Worse For People With Parkinsons
In a recent study, researchers from the University of Aberdeen found that weight loss leads to a worse outcome for people with Parkinson’s disease.
The study included 275 people with Parkinson’s for 10 years. Researchers kept a close eye on weight and disease progression. And here’s what they found…
People who lost weight in the early stages of the disease were more likely to develop dementia, become dependent on caretakers and die sooner than people who didn’t lose weight.
Now, it’s not uncommon for people in the early stages of Parkinson’s to lose weight. That’s because certain symptoms of Parkinson’s involve movement and burn calories. It’s also because other symptoms make it uncomfortable to eat. Basically, Parkinson’s symptoms make it harder to consume enough calories to maintain your pre-diagnosis weight.
But this study suggests that you should start going above and beyond to keep calorie intake up, because it could mean a longer, healthier, more independent life.
Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms: Life Expectancy
Even though Parkinson’s disease is a serious, progressive condition, it is not considered a fatal illness. People who have Parkinson’s disease usually have the same average life expectancy as people without the disease.
But when the disease is in its advanced stages, Parkinson’s symptoms can lead to life-threatening complications, including:
- Falls that lead to fractured bones
Thinking about the progression of Parkinson’s disease can be frightening. But proper treatments can help you live a full, productive life for years to come. And researchers hope to one day find ways to halt the progression of Parkinson’s and restore lost functioning.
Can Your Ulcerative Colitis Go Into Remission
If you or a loved one has ulcerative colitis , you probably know there isn’t a cure for the disease. But thankfully, it’s possible to break free of symptoms by achieving remission.
Doctors define remission of ulcerative colitis as having three or fewer stools per day without blood or an increased urgency to go. Many people with UC can achieve remission with medications. This symptom-free time can last a few months or even years—a welcome relief from the condition.
Can Parkinsons Be Managed Without Medication
Medication aside, there are many ways people living with Parkinson’s disease can improve their health and well-being, preserve physical function, ease symptoms and enhance quality of life. Chief among these are getting regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, staying hydrated and getting an adequate amount of sleep.