Total Cost Of Parkinsons Disease To Individuals Families And The Us Government Nearly $52 Billion Each Year
NEW YORK, June 13 — A new study, The Economic Burden of Parkinson’s Disease, published by the Michael J. Fox Foundation with support from the Parkinson’s Foundation and other community organizations and industry partners, reveals that the economic burden of Parkinson’s disease is nearly $52 billion every year.
The study divides the cost nearly evenly between those attributable to direct medical costs versus non-medical costs . The federal government alone accounts for nearly $25 billion in this spending, with $2 billion supported through Social Security and the remaining $23 billion in Medicare costs.
“These results provide deep insight into the indirect costs — those costs the people living with Parkinson’s and their families must take on alone,” added Parkinson’s Foundation Senior Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer James Beck, PhD. “Knowing this information will allow us to better serve people with Parkinson’s and their families in the areas they are most concerned about and where we can have the most impact.”
“This data will help facilitate a new level of outcome-driven conversations with Members of Congress who oversee federal programs that affect the lives of the one million people with Parkinson’s in the United States,” said Todd Sherer, PhD, MJFF CEO. “Investing more in research toward better treatments and a cure will ultimately relieve the burden on already-strained programs like Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security.”
About the Parkinson’s Foundation
Do You Know About Other Organizations/systems That Provide Financial Help To People Living With Parkinsons
If so, please let us know about them in the comments. There are so many people out there who don’t have access to the funds they need to take the medications that will truly help them live well with Parkinson’s. We don’t want anyone in that position; so, if you have a story about how you received the help you needed, please leave a comment or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Improving Nice Evidence For Economic Impacts Of Parkinson’s Disease On Households And The Nhs
As would be expected of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines on Parkinson’s disease issued in 2006 , and the updated guideline published earlier this year , the central tenet of the document uses the latest evidence from randomised controlled trials to inform clinical management decisions. Updated guidelines however do not revisit the health economics as the ‘cost of illness’ or ‘burden of disease’ studies are not considered useful in the decision-making for guideline development .
In regard to adverse effect of dopamine-replacement therapies, as compared to 14-24% reported by Rogers et al. 2017 our study found 34% of PwP reporting impulsive and compulsive behaviours, which can range from compulsive gambling to binge eating and hyper-sexuality, as a result of the medication. This behaviour has resulted in out-of-pocket expenditure for impulse control disorders behaviours has caused financial distress to PwPs and their families with some of them even reporting over £10,000 expenditure on these activities. To control for ICDs behaviours, 26% of PwP had purchased over the counter medications or supplements and on average spending additional £56 every month. Furthermore, one-thirds of PwP were spending more on takeaways and convenience food every month on a regular basis with additional monthly spent of £74 per household.
Competing interests: No competing interests
26 October 2017
Medical Costs Of Parkinsons 3000/year Higher Than Others Of Same Age
31 May 2018
A UCL study has found that medical care for people with Parkinson’s disease costs over £5,000 a year.
Professor Anette Schrag co-authored the study, which analysed UK health data across 10 years and is the first ever report of long-term healthcare costs of Parkinson’s.
The research, co-led with PHMR, found that over 10 years of follow-up post diagnosis, for patients with Parkinson’s, the cost of healthcare – including hospital visits and medications – averaged £5,022 per year. This was compared to £2,001 in yearly medical costs in a control group that was matched by age, sex and other conditions.
But the researchers say this is an underestimate of the total costs of care, as it did not include out-of-pocket expenditures by patients, privately insured spending, caregiving costs, or social costs such as lost earnings or costs to social services. They estimate the total costs of Parkinson’s are at least £25,000 per patient per year.
For the study, published in Movement Disorders, the research team drew from two linked UK databases to identify all use of medical resources for 7,271 people with Parkinson’s and 7,060 matched controls, over a 10-year period starting at first diagnosis.
The researchers estimated the total health care costs attributable to Parkinson’s by subtracting the control group’s average costs from those in the Parkinson’s group. This difference was found to be £2,471 in the first year post-diagnosis, rising to £4,004 in the tenth year.
Parkinsons Foundation Centers Of Excellence And Medicinal Marijuana
The Parkinson’s Foundation, in partnership with Northwestern University researchers, studied attitudes about cannabis at 40 Centers of Excellence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to provide data on the practices, beliefs and attitudes of expert PD physicians concerning cannabis use.
The results were interesting: most experts said they knew what cannabis did, but disagreed on the details. While there is no general agreement on what the benefits might be for people with PD, the survey confirmed that cannabis is a popular subject within Parkinson’s Foundation centers as 95 percent of neurologists reported patients have asked them to prescribe it.
Cannabis study results also included:
- Only 23 percent of physicians had any formal education on the subject of cannabis , thus 93 percent of physicians want cannabis taught in medical school.
- Physicians reported that 80 percent of their patients with PD have used cannabis.
- Only 10 percent of physicians have recommended the use of cannabis to patients with PD.
- In terms of memory: 75 percent of physicians felt that cannabis would have negative effects on short-term memory and 55 percent felt that cannabis could have negative effects on long-term memory
- Only 11 percent of physicians have recommended use of cannabis in the last year
This graph shows how physicians expect cannabis would improve, worsen, or show no effect to PD-related symptoms given their expertise and observations of patients with PD.
What Doesnt Medicare Cover For Parkinsons Disease Treatment
Unfortunately, Medicare doesn’t cover everything you may think is medically necessary. These services include nonmedical custodial care for daily living activities, such as dressing, bathing, and cooking. Medicare also doesn’t cover long-term care or around-the-clock care.
Medigap Vs Medicare Advantage Plans For Parkinsons Disease
Medicare beneficiaries face a choice between MediGap plans or Medicare Advantage plans. Some individuals with PD may like the freedom of access that MediGap plans offer. You have the flexibility to see any Medicare provider nationwide.
Other individuals may enjoy the lower premiums of the Part C Medicare Advantage plans and feel okay with using the plan’s network and paying copays as they go along.
Just be sure you carefully review all of your options before committing to the coverage that you feel fits you the best.
Does Levodopa Slow The Progression Of Parkinsons Disease
Levodopa does not slow or reduce the progression of Parkinson’s disease. In a clinical trial, levodopa + carbidopa was found to have no disease-modifying effect when it was used in patients with early Parkinson’s disease compared with patients who started it later on in the course of their disease.
- Food and Drug Administration . Sinemet. Available from: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2020/017555s072lbl.pdf. .
- US National Library of Medicine. MedlinePlus. Levodopa and Carbidopa. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a601068.html. .
- American Parkinson Disease Association. Carbidopa/Levodopa: Answers To Frequently Asked Questions. May 21, 2019. Available from: https://www.apdaparkinson.org/article/common-questions-about-carbidopa-levodopa/. .
- European Parkinson’s Disease Association . Motor symptoms. Rigidity. Available from: https://www.epda.eu.com/about-parkinsons/symptoms/motor-symptoms/rigidity/. .
- European Parkinson’s Disease Association . Motor symptoms. Bradykinesia. Available from: https://www.epda.eu.com/about-parkinsons/symptoms/motor-symptoms/bradykinesia/. .
- Verschuur CVM, Suwijn SR, Boel JA, et al. Randomized Delayed-Start Trial of Levodopa in Parkinson’s Disease. N Engl J Med. 2019;380:315-324. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1809983.
Teva’s Pricey Parkinson’s Drug Unnerves Some Patients
September 12, 2016 / 12:53 PM / MoneyWatch
The price of one of the most commonly prescribed treatments for Parkinson’s disease has surged more than 200 percent over the past decade. That’s making the drug, Teva Pharmaceutical’s Azilect, unaffordable for some patients afflicted with the progressive and incurable disease.
According to market researcher Truven Health Analytics, the wholesale price of Azilect was $634.70 as of July 1 for 30 tablets, up from $204.60 in June of 2006, a month after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the drug, also known as Rasagaline, to treat Parkinson’s disease.
More recently, Israel-based Teva in July hiked the prices it charges pharmacies and other middlemen for Azilect by 9.9 percent. However, consumers can pay much higher prices for the drug at the retail level, particularly if they’re footing the bill without insurance.
Drug companies often raise prices on medications before their patents expire and generic versions of the drug become available, according to Mike Thompson, head of the National Business Coalition on Health. Teva plans to release a generic version of Azilect next year.
“ are very, very concerned at the pace at which drug prices are going up, and they increasingly want to have more control on how that’s managed in their benefit plans,” he said.
Still, the cost of Azilect is worrisome to many Parkinson’s patients.
How To Prepare Your Finances With Parkinsons Disease
You’ve received your diagnosis, and the tremors, stiffness, and slowing movement have a name. Parkinson’s disease disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement and occurs when neurons in the brain gradually break down or die, according to the Mayo Clinic. In addition to physical and psychological symptoms, Parkinson’s disease costs more than $25.4 billion every year in medical expenses and $26.5 billion in missed work, lost wages, early forced retirement, and family caregiver time, according to a study conducted by the Michael J. Fox Foundation.
A Parkinson’s diagnosis can completely change your income and expenses, so it’s important to have a plan — and above all, remember that living with PD into old age is quite possible. You may want to meet with a financial advisor, set a budget or financial plan, evaluate your retirement fund, and consider how Medicare can help.
What Does Levodopa Do For Parkinsons Disease
Levodopa is a central nervous system agent that helps people with Parkinson’s because it is converted into dopamine in the brain. It helps to alleviate the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease by providing a supply of dopamine.
Simply treating people with Parkinson’s disease with dopamine does not work because dopamine can not cross the blood-brain barrier. Levodopa – a metabolic precursor of dopamine – can cross the blood-brain barrier, however.
Levodopa is available in a range of different dosage forms that combine levodopa and carbidopa, such as Sinemet tablets.
Carbidopa is a decarboxylase inhibitor that prevents levodopa from being broken down before it reaches its site of action, the brain. It enables lower doses of levodopa to be used, which reduces the nausea and vomiting patients can experience while taking the drug.
Can I Get Inbrija If I Dont Have Insurance
If you do not have insurance and cannot afford Inbrija, Acorda’s Prescription Support Services may be able to help you. The Inbrija Patient Assistance Program is designed to help you get Inbrija at no cost if you are eligible. You will have to fill out an application.
If you cannot afford your medication and are not eligible for other support, check with your doctor or pharmacist about local nonprofit services in your community that may be able to offer financial assistance for Inbrija.
Medical Marijuana And Legislation By State
Thirty-five states and Washington, DC have passed legislation allowing the use of marijuana-based products.
In some states where medical marijuana is legalized, consumers must register to possess and use cannabis. Other states require consumers to acquire a document from a physician stating that the patient has an approved condition. Under federal law doctors cannot prescribe cannabis, but many states authorize them to issue certifications that allow patients to obtain medical marijuana.
PD is listed as a qualifying condition for medical marijuana in Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia.
Medical marijuana is legal in Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Washington, DC.
Durable Power Of Attorney And Guardianship
Eventually, the time will come when you need someone to make decisions for you. You’ll need to consider durable power of attorney and guardianship options early on. A durable power of attorney means that a trusted friend or relative will be able to handle legal, financial or medical decisions if you become incapacitated. The only way durable power of attorney is removed is if you revoke it.
Guardianship is awarded by the courts to someone who can look after your affairs when you become incapacitated. Guardians will look after your personal, financial and physical well-being. For guardianship, Price says the cost for a lawyer to meet with the alleged disabled person and write a report) costs around $3,000 and approximately $250 per hour. Service fees is about $100-$200.
In addition, a medical, psychiatric, vocational expert, or some other expert on disabilities will be $500-600 an hour.
Comparison Of The Three Advanced Therapies
Three studies have compared the advanced the-rapies for PD in terms of cost-effectiveness. Valldeoriola et al. have compared all three therapies and found that the mean cumulative five-year cost per patient was lowest in patients treated with DBS , and highest in those on IJLI . Despite initial high costs associated with DBS , yearly average started decreasing in the second year post-intervention with costs of € 17,603, compared to € 46,797 for IJLI and € 28,279 for apomorphine infusion .
In the PND27 Study, performed in the United Kingdom, it was estimated that the discounted costs over five years were £69,566 and £80,843 for DBS and apomorphine infusion, respectively, resulting in a cost savings of £11,277 for DBS. In this study cost savings for DBS started from the third year post-intervention, with the initial costs of implantation of the DBS device offset by the ongoing need for apomorphine drug provision . Finally, as mentioned before, Vivancos-Matellano and colleagues showed that CSAI was associated with a 5-year cost reduction of € 124,295 compared to IJLI, and a cost increment of € 20,871 compared to DBS .
Parkinsons Treatments Covered By Medicare
Treatment plans are different for each patient, but most people with PD take prescription medications. Dopaminergic medications such as carbidopa-levodopa help to replace lost dopamine in the brain. Nearly all Part D plans offer coverage for medications related to PD.
After years of taking this medication, many patients begin to experience changes in the effectiveness of their symptom control. These patients who have done well on carbidopa-levodopa can be considered for a Medicare-covered therapeutic surgery called Duopa therapy. This procedure will allow for the medication to be delivered in a gel form directly to the intestines.
A surgeon will make a small hole, called a stoma, in the wall of the stomach for implantation of a tube that delivers the medicine into your system. The patient then connects a new cassette of Duopa each morning via a Duopa pump.
There is a second type of surgery that treats PD called deep brain stimulation . During this more invasive surgery, your physician inserts a wire into your brain that connects to a device implanted into your chest. The device then delivers pulses through the lead directly to your brain to assist in controlling some of the movement symptoms associated with Parkinson’s.
All of these treatments are covered by Medicare when medically necessary. Let’s look at how the different parts of Medicare work together to provide inpatient, outpatient and prescription drug benefits.
The Financial Cost Of Parkinsons Disease
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With the fate of healthcare coverage very much in question and a relevant topic of debate among our members of congress, I would like to share some information from a nonpolitical-patient perspective without delving into partisanship or numbers and statistics which quite possibly could and will change as the neo-political debate ranges on. The purpose of this article is not to join in the never ending and divisive political argument that dominates the news, but to prompt dialogue that will inspire thought and spur action that affects us all.
Medicare Coverage For Parkinsons Disease
- Medicare covers medications, therapies, and other services involved treating Parkinson’s disease and its symptoms.
- Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy are all included in this coverage.
- You can expect some out-of-pockets costs, even with your Medicare coverage.
Medicare covers medically necessary treatments for Parkinson’s disease, including medications, different types of therapy, and hospital stays. Based on the type of coverage you have, you may have some out-of-pocket expenses, such as copays, coinsurance, and premiums.
Medicare may not cover all of the services you’ll need, such as assistance for normal daily living.
If you or a loved one has Parkinson’s disease, it’s important for you to understand which parts of Medicare cover which treatments to avoid large, unexpected expenses.
Parkinsons Disease And Medicare Coverage
Medicare is made up of multiple parts. Each part covers different services and treatments that you’ll need to manage Parkinson’s.
Original Medicare is composed of Part A and Part B. Part A covers a portion of your inpatient hospitalization costs. Part B provides coverage of outpatient medical needs including those for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.
The Cost Of Parkinson’s In Each Country
The report also shows that the exact cost of Parkinson’s is different in each UK country as their governments, assemblies and parliaments set their own budgets.
Open each section below to find out more about the cost of Parkinson’s in your country.
The findings of the research in England found that households where someone has Parkinson’s are £17,094 out of pocket each year.
This breaks down into:
- higher social care costs
- loss of income due to early retirement or reduced working hours
Advocating For The Cost Of Parkinson’s
Before we begin, I need to share that for about the last 15 years, my wife , also a Parkinson’s patient, and I have been public policy advocates which is to say we are like unpaid lobbyist only without the credentials and requirements. We advocate because we know what it’s like to live with PD, and we give our disease a voice so those who control federal funding of research toward better treatments and possibly a cure hear our message. This is important stuff and members of congress need to hear from us about what it is like to live daily with PD. Most people can’t comprehend what it is like to live with PD, but at least we can create awareness about the money spent by our government for life providing research for new drugs, surgical procedures, medical devices, and other therapies. It is extremely hard on our bodies to travel to Washington, DC to address our legislators; therefore, we sometimes meet with them in their local offices. It is very rewarding work.
Guided Imagery & Bilateral Stimulation
Both tools are essential for the trauma therapy toolbox. They are noninvasive and helpful for overcoming the effects of trauma. Guided imagery can help us alter the negative or stressful pictures and thoughts in our minds and help us create new, more peaceful ones—a form of instilling positive affirmations. Before you read on, I thought you might like to download my 10-minute exercise. This science-based, comprehensive video will help you to cultivate a sense of inner peace and give you a way to help overcome the effects of this pandemic –GET IT HERE
Parkinsons Disease Treatments Covered
Parkinson’s disease can come with a wide range of motor and nonmotor symptoms. The symptoms of this condition can be different for different people.
Since it is a progressive disease, symptoms can change over time. Medicare covers a range of different treatments, medications, and services that you may need to manage Parkinson’s disease throughout your life.
Risks And Benefits For People With Pd
There are risks and benefits associated with the use of cannabis for people with PD. Benefits include a possible improvement in anxiety, pain management, sleep dysfunction, weight loss and nausea. Potential adverse effects include: impaired cognition , dizziness, blurred vision, mood and behavioral changes, loss of balance and hallucinations. Chronic use of marijuana can increase risk of mood disorders and lung cancer.
Is Medical Marijuana An Option For Me
What’s next for a person with PD who wants to know if medical marijuana is an option? “Marijuana should never be thought of as a replacement for dopaminergic and other approved therapies for PD,” said Dr. Michael S. Okun, the Parkinson’s Foundation National Medical Advisor.
Research is still needed to determine how medical marijuana should be administered and how its long-term use can affect symptoms of PD. To keep patients safe, states that legalize medical marijuana will eventually need to develop training programs for doctors and medical teams that prescribe medical marijuana. Consult your doctor to see if medical marijuana is an option for you.
The Parkinson’s Foundation is designed to help guide the PD community in making informed decisions about using cannabis for Parkinson’s. The statement is based on the input from 46 experts who attended the Foundation’s first-ever medical marijuana convening. Read it now.
Page reviewed by Dr. Bhavana Patel, Movement Disorders Fellow at the University of Florida, a Parkinson’s Foundation Center of Excellence.
Medicare Plans And Parkinsons Disease
Almost immediately after Medicare was first introduced in 1965, insurance companies developed Medicare supplement plans to fill in these gaps in Medicare. These plans pay after Medicare to help you cover your Medicare cost-sharing. When you first become eligible for Medicare, you can enroll in any MediGap plan you like during the first six months after your Part B effective date, regardless of pre-existing health conditions. PD patients would be wise to take advantage of this opportunity to enroll without fear of being declined for coverage.
These plans allow you to see any provider who accepts Medicare nationwide, so many people appreciate their flexibility.
Some beneficiaries may choose instead to enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan. These plans are also called Part C plans, and they are sold by private insurance companies. Plans typically have either an HMO or PPO network.
Members agree to get their treatment from the plan providers or pay more for going out of the network. These plans are less expensive thanMediGap plans but have more cost-sharing on the back end. If you opt for a Medicare Advantage plan, be sure to check that your providers are in the network before you enroll.
How To Increase Your Vitamin D Levels
Get enough sun. Vitamin D3, “the sunshine vitamin,” is the only vitamin your body that is made, with the help of the sun. So be sure to get enough sun exposure to help the body make this essential nutrient. Hold off trying to protect ourselves from the rays of the sun at every turn by slathering sunscreen. Allow yourself to play outside, garden, and enjoy the rays in moderation.
If you must use some sunscreen, avoid chemical sunscreens made with toxic chemicals that cause thyroid dysfunction, endocrine disruption, allergies, organ toxicity, reproductive toxicity, skin cancer, development, brain, and metabolism problems. Shop for natural mineral-zinc-based certified products instead. When exposed to scorching climates or in the sun for extended periods, we use sunscreens by , Badger, Babo Botanicals, and Goddess Garden products.
Eat a well-balanced diet, with foods higher in vitamin D. Although it is believed that we only get twenty percent from the foods we eat. Some foods higher in D include cod liver oil, fish, oysters, eggs, and mushrooms.
Get checked for the VDR mutation. A blood test will determine if you have mutations in the vitamin D receptor. The consequence can be lower vitamin D levels and the inability to absorb vitamin calcium and many other minerals properly. According to a 2020 scientific report, supplementation of vitamin D can help improve VDR gene expression, so more supplementation may be necessary if you have this mutation.
Economic Burden Of Parkinson Disease
PD is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system with motor, cognitive, behavioural and autonomic symptoms. PD has a significant economic burden from all perspectives: society, health system, and individual patient and relatives. This is due to the high prevalence of the disease, 6.3 million people around the world , the nature of the symptoms and the fact that no cure exists and treatments are only aimed at relieving the effects of the disease and to improve patients’ quality of life.
In Spain, taking into account a population of around 47 million people , and considering the different incidence and prevalence rates published , the average incidence has been estimated at around 6,400 new cases per year, and the average prevalence at 150,000 people with PD. It is estimated that 30% of these patients are in an advanced stage of the disease . The economic impact of PD is mainly driven by in-patient care and nursing home costs caused by motor and non-motor symptoms that lead patients of PD to progressive disability. In addition, the cost of illness increases dramatically with severity as patients at the advanced stages are bedridden, wheelchair bound or institutionalized.
As concerns European data, no Pan-European survey of the economic cost of PD has been performed to date. However, several studies from different countries are available in the literature. Some of the most representative ones have been considered for this chapter.
Social Security Disability Insurance
SSDI, often referred to as simply Disability, is assistance intended for those individuals who are of working age and cannot work as a direct result of their medical condition. The SSA does not provide care assistance but instead provides financial assistance that can be used for care. To be eligible one must both have a written diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease and have earned monthly income of less than approximately $1,000.
Financial Disclosures Of All Authors
KS received a fellowship grant from Department of Neurology, Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel Germany, Research fellowship from European Academy of Neurology.
DvW received a fellowship grant, and consultancy and speaker fees from Britannia Pharmaceuticals, speaker fees from Bial Pharmaceuticals, and consultancy fees from Invisio Pharma.
TP received grants from National Science Centre , Ministry of Science and Higher Education , and Boards: Council of the Polish National Agency of Academic Exchange, Polish National Committee for Ethical Review of Animal Experimentation, Bioethical Committee of the Silesian Medical Chamber, Boethical Committee of the Silesian Medical University, Council of the Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice. Financial Fees from SPCG Law Firm .
AC received scholarship by the Konrad-Adenauer Foundation.
CRB has nothing to disclose.
PMM has received honoraria from National School of Public Health and Editorial Viguera for lecturing in courses or publications; from International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society for management of the Program on Rating Scales; and from Bial for advice in a clinical-epidemiological study. Grants from the IPMDS for attending the IPMDS International Congress 2019, and for development and validation of the MDS-NMS.
PO Advisory board/expert advice: AbbVie, Bial, Britannia, Evolan, Global Kinetics, Kyowa-Kirin, Lobsor, Neuroderm, Nordic Infucare, UCB, Stada, Zambon, PD Neurotechnology
$52 Billion Per Year Is Spent On Pd
In October 2018, APDA asked our constituents to consider participating in a new study called The Economic Burden of Parkinson’s Disease , with the goal of estimating the economic burden of PD in the United States. An online survey collected information from patients and care partners concerning both the direct medical costs of PD, such as co-payments for medications, doctor visits and hospitalizations, as well as the indirect costs such as lost wages, forced early retirement and family caregiver time.
In addition to the patient-driven portion of the data collection, the study collected data from other sources including Medicare, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Census Bureau, in order to obtain a complete picture of the economic burden on patients, care partners, healthcare systems and the government.
The results of this comprehensive study were revealed today, June 13, 2019. The total cost of PD is $52 billion every year, with $25.4 billion attributable to direct medical costs, and $26.5 billion attributable to indirect medical costs. Of that total cost, $25 billion is shouldered by the federal government through Social Security and Medicare programs. These numbers are double previous estimates.
The study was conducted under the auspices of the Michael J. Fox Foundation , in collaboration with the American Parkinson Disease Association, Parkinson’s Foundation, and Parkinson Alliance, as well as ACADIA, Adamas, AbbVie, Acorda and Biogen.
Assistive Technology And Equipment
You may need equipment that will help you with day-to-day lifestyle changes. Adaptive equipment may include:
- Compression hosiery
- Adaptive clothing to make it easier to get dressed
- Weighted utensils that can help stabilize eating movements
- U-Step walkers to increase mobility
- Transfer chairs and wheelchairs
Consider tapping into a health savings account to pay for these types of expenses — an HSA is a tax-exempt savings account you can use to pay for certain medical expenses. Another option is to go to your local bank, credit union or online lender and look into a personal loan. Personal loans, which aren’t backed by collateral can offer you a low interest rate for some of these necessities if you have good credit.
How Can I Save Money On Inbrija
Although it is an expensive medication, there are many ways to lower your costs of Inbrija.
- If you have private insurance
- If you have private insurance , a portion of the costs of Inbrija may be covered.
- However, you may have to pay some out-of-pocket fees based on your insurance type and tier level, formulary coverage, copay or coinsurance. Acorda Therapeutics, the manufacturer of Inbrija, may be able to help you with your copay or other costs.