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Which Is Worse Ms Or Parkinson’s Disease

Multiple Sclerosis Vs Parkinsons Disease: Risk Factors And Complications

Neurological Disorders: Parkinson’s disease part 1

Risk factors for multiple sclerosis include being female, having a family history of multiple sclerosis, having certain infections, being white of European descent, living furthest from the equator, living in temperate climate regions, already having an autoimmune disease, and smoking.

Complications resulting from multiple sclerosis include muscle stiffness and spasms, paralysis, problems with bladder, bowel, and sexual function, as well as forgetfulness, mood changes, depression, and epilepsy.

Risk factors for Parkinsons disease include being over the age of 50, being male, having a family history of Parkinsons disease, carrying gene variations, experiencing a head injury, being exposed to environmental toxins, and taking certain medications such as anti-anxiety medications or sleeping pills.

Complications associated with Parkinsons disease include difficulty thinking, depression, emotional changes, swallowing problems, sleep problems and disorders, bladder issues, constipation, changes in blood pressure, smell dysfunction, fatigue, pain, and sexual dysfunction.

Tips For Coping With Fatigue

  • Exercise. Walk, do Tai Chi, dance, cycle, swim, do Yoga or chair Yoga whatever you enjoy. Fatigue may make it hard to start exercising, but it may make you feel more energetic afterward. If you find it difficult to get going, consider exercising with another person or a group.
  • Keep a regular sleep schedule. If you have difficulty sleeping because of tremor or stiffness, trouble rolling over or needing to use the bathroom, talk to your doctor about these issues.
  • Take a short nap after lunch. Avoid frequent naps, long naps, or napping after 3 p.m.
  • Stay socially connected.
  • Pace yourself: plan your day so that you are active at times when you feel most energetic and have a chance to rest when you need to.
  • Do something fun: visit with an upbeat friend or pursue a hobby.
  • At work, take regular short breaks.

Fatigue has been identified by the PD community as an unmet need. Research to understand and solve fatigue in PD is ongoing.

Page reviewed by Dr. Addie Patterson, Movement Disorders Neurologist at the Norman Fixel Institute for Neurological Diseases at the University of Florida, a Parkinsons Foundation Center of Excellence.

Signs It Could Be More Than Parkinsons Disease

Feb 9, 2020 | MSA-Blog |

Close to one million people in the US have a diagnosis of Parkinsons disease .Unfortunately, for a small percentage of these people the diagnosis just doesnt seem right. They feel like something more is wrong.Their medicines may not be very effective. They might have severe dizziness and even be prone to fainting.They just sense the disease is progressing faster than expected.

Read Also: Is Parkinson’s Genetic Or Environmental

What Causes The Condition

Although there are several recognized risk factors for Parkinsons disease, such as exposure to pesticides, for now, the only confirmed causes of Parkinsons disease are genetic. When Parkinsons disease isnt genetic, experts classify it as idiopathic . That means they dont know exactly why it happens.

Many conditions look like Parkinson’s disease but are instead parkinsonism from a specific cause like some psychiatric medications.

Familial Parkinsons disease

Parkinsons disease can have a familial cause, which means you can inherit it from one or both of your parents. However, this only makes up about 10% of all cases.

Experts have linked at least seven different genes to Parkinson’s disease. They’ve linked three of those to early-onset of the condition . Some genetic mutations also cause unique, distinguishing features.

Idiopathic Parkinsons disease

Experts believe idiopathic Parkinsons disease happens because of problems with how your body uses a protein called -synuclein . Proteins are chemical molecules that have a very specific shape. When some proteins dont have the correct shape a problem known as protein misfolding your body cant use them and can’t break them down.

With nowhere to go, the proteins build up in various places or in certain cells . The buildup of these Lewy bodies causes toxic effects and cell damage.

Induced Parkinsonism

The possible causes are:

Is Restless Legs Syndrome In Parkinson Disease Patients Associated With Any Specific Factor


Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria


Background: Restless legs syndrome or Willis-Ekbom disease is a disorder characterized by unpleasant sensations associated with the need to mobilize the lower limbs. In Parkinson disease patients, restless legs syndrome is associated with worse quality of life and excessive sleepiness. Regarding other factors, results of different studies are controversial. Objective: To determine the factors associated with the restless legs syndrome presence in Parkinson disease patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 88 consecutive Parkinson disease patients from the outpatient clinic for 21 months. Participants underwent a clinical interview, assessment based on standardized scales , and video-polysomnography. Results: Out of the 88 participants, 25 had restless legs syndrome. In the multivariate analysis, restless legs…

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Causes Of Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is caused by a loss of nerve cells in part of the brain called the substantia nigra. This leads to a reduction in a chemical called dopamine in the brain.

Dopamine plays a vital role in regulating the movement of the body. A reduction in dopamine is responsible for many of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

Exactly what causes the loss of nerve cells is unclear. Most experts think that a combination of genetic and environmental factors is responsible.

Common Symptoms Of Parkinsons Disease

Symptoms generally develop slowly over years, and the progression of symptoms is often different from one person to another due to the diversity of the disease. According to The Parkinsons Foundation, there are three telltale symptoms that can help doctors make a diagnosis:

Bradykinesia, or slowness of movement, coupled with tremor or rigidity must be present for a PD diagnosis to be considered. Prior to experiencing motor symptoms, stiffness and tremor, often people will complain of sleep problems, constipation, decreased ability to smell and restless legs.

Postural instability often accompanies motor symptoms and can lead to imbalance and falls common among Parkinsons patients. Additional movement symptoms can include:

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Myth : Aside From Medication There Isnt Much You Can Do

Fact: This it is what it is theres nothing I can do to help myself myth is counterproductive. There is a lot you can do chiefly, keeping as active as you can. A recent study found that patients with Parkinsons who took part in weekly, hourlong exercise sessions were able to do more in their daily lives than those who did not.

What Is Multiple Sclerosis

Advanced Treatment for Parkinson’s DiseaseTMS Improves Motor & Non-motor Symptoms

Multiple sclerosis is a progressive and debilitating disease of the central nervous system that disables the communication between the brain and other parts of the body. It involves an immune-mediated process in which an abnormal response of the bodys immune system is directed against the central nervous system.

Within the central nervous system , the immune system causes inflammation that damages myelinthe fatty substance that surrounds and insulates the nerve fibersas well as the nerve fibers themselves, and even the specialized cells that make myelin. When the nerve fibers are destroyed, messages within the CNS are altered or halted completely. Then, the damaged areas produce neurological symptoms that can vary among people in type and severity. These areas develop scar tissue, giving the disease its namemultiple areas of scarring or multiple sclerosis.

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How Is Parkinson’s Disease Diagnosed

Your doctor will ask questions about your symptoms and your past health and will do a neurological examination. This examination includes questions and tests that show how well your nerves are working. For example, your doctor will watch how you move, check your muscle strength and reflexes, and check your vision.

Your doctor will also ask questions about your mood.

In some cases, your doctor may have you try a medicine. How this medicine works may help your doctor know if you have Parkinson’s disease.

There are no lab or blood tests that can help your doctor know whether you have Parkinson’s. But you may have tests to help your doctor rule out other diseases that could be causing your symptoms. For example, you might have an MRI to look for signs of a stroke or brain tumour.

Pool Therapy: A Boon For The Healthcare Industry

The topic of healthcare for people of all ages, not merely seniors, is an important one. Its consistently making headlines, especially with the Baby Boomer population reaching retirement age.

Knowing that hundreds of thousands of seniors are going to be diagnosed with Alzheimers, Parkinsons and Multiple Sclerosis each year, senior living facilities with the means to invest in a warm-water pool with integrated treadmill technology would be wise to do so. By keeping their population of patients as active as possible through water-based therapies and exercise options, a facility could make great advances in the field.

Though none of the aforementioned conditions that have been covered has a cure, they can all be managed through a combination of prescription drugs, diet and exercise. HydroWorx aquatic therapy equipment might just wind up being the deciding factor for someone looking for a long-term place to stay during their later decades.

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Multiple Sclerosis Vs Parkinsons Disease: Treatment And Therapies

Treatment for multiple sclerosis is lifelong, and although it cannot cure the condition, it aims to minimize symptoms and allow the patients to live as normal of a life as possible. Some treatment methods include corticosteroids and plasma exchange, beta interferons, Glatiramer acetate, Dimethyl fumarate, Fingolimod, Teriflunomide, Natalizumab, Alemtuzumab, and Mitoxantrone, which all help to reduce the likelihood of relapses.

Other treatment methods include physical therapy to improve mobility, muscle relaxants, medications to reduce fatigue, and other medications like antidepressants, medications to control the bowels and bladder, and medications to improve sexual function.

Exercise, meditation, yoga, and acupuncture are also recommended as a means to reduce stress and improve overall mental and physical well-being.

There is no cure for Parkinsons disease as well, but treatments are available to manage the symptoms and slow down the disease progression as much as possible. Alongside traditional treatments, supportive therapies are also used to improve different aspects of a persons health.

Common medications prescribed in Parkinsons disease include dopamine replacement therapy, dopamine agonists, anticholinergics, amantadine, monomine oxidase type B inhibitors, and catechol-o-methyl transferase inhibitors.

You can work closely with your doctor to create a specific treatment plan for you.

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Myth : Parkinsons Is Only A Motor Condition

Fact: While its true that Parkinsons disease symptoms include shaking and tremor, rigid muscles, slowness of movement, and a frozen or flat expression, its a lot more than that.

Nonmotor symptoms deserve and are getting more attention from doctors and researchers. These symptoms include cognitive impairment or dementia , anxiety and depression, fatigue, sleep problems and more.

For some patients, nonmotor symptoms are more disabling than motor symptoms, which are the focus of treatment. Be sure to talk to your doctor about other issues so you can get all of your symptoms addressed.

Is There A Link Between Parkinsons And Multiple Sclerosis

The chances of developing both multiple sclerosis and Parkinsons disease is less than

where a formal diagnosis can be made clinically based on your signs and symptoms during a physical and neurological exam. For your doctor to make a diagnosis, you need to have 2 out of 3 of the following:

  • shaking or tremors
  • slowness of movement
  • muscle stiffness

One of the clearest signs of Parkinsons is a positive response to the medication Levodopa.

Imaging techniques such as single photon emission computed tomography scans and magnetic resonance imaging may help rule out other conditions.

A dopamine transporter scan may be used to identify loss of dopaminergic uptake in a part of your brain called the basal ganglia. However, interpreting the results can be difficult, and it isnt routinely used.

Neither Parkinsons nor multiple sclerosis currently have a cure. Treatment aims to slow progression and minimize symptoms.

Read Also: Does Michael Bolton Have Parkinson’s

Who Gets Multiple Sclerosis

Its not clear why some people develop multiple sclerosis, but experts have identified trends and risk factors.

How common is MS? A 2017 study tallied more than 900,000 U.S. adults with MS, more than twice previous estimates. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has launched a system to gather data on neurologic conditions, starting with MS and Parkinsons disease.

Age: MS is most often diagnosed in people between ages 20 and 50, though it can occur in younger and older people.

Gender: MS is two to three times more common in women. Research suggests hormones may play a role.

Race/ethnicity: MS occurs in almost all ethnic groups, but it is more common among white people with Northern European ancestry.

Genetics: Scientists dont fully understand the genetic pattern in MS. It is not directly inherited, but risk is higher in people who have a close relative with MS.

Geography: MS is more common in areas that are farthest from the equator. But not everyone in the same area is equally at risk. Some groups living very far north the Inuit of the North American Arctic, for instance almost never develop MS.

What Are The Complications Of Parkinson Disease

Parkinson’s disease: Karen’s story | NHS

Parkinson disease causes physical symptoms at first. Problems with cognitive function, including forgetfulness and trouble with concentration, may arise later. As the disease gets worse with time, many people develop dementia. This can cause profound memory loss and makes it hard to maintain relationships.

Parkinson disease dementia can cause problems with:

  • Speaking and communicating with others
  • Problem solving
  • Paying attention

If you have Parkinson disease and dementia, in time, you likely won’t be able to live by yourself. Dementia affects your ability to care of yourself, even if you can still physically do daily tasks.

Experts don’t understand how or why dementia often occurs with Parkinson disease. Its clear, though, that dementia and problems with cognitive function are linked to changes in the brain that cause problems with movement. As with Parkinson disease, dementia occurs when nerve cells degenerate, leading to chemical changes in the brain. Parkinson disease dementia may be treated with medicines also used to treat Alzheimer’s disease, another type of dementia.

Also Check: Parkinson’s Disease Facts And Statistics

Know The Difference Between Parkinsons Disease And Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis and Parkinsons Disease are two neurodegenerative disorders, which are progressive and are often mistaken for each other. They have quite a few similarities as well as differences, and it is also possible for patients to have both the conditions simultaneously. For instance, Multiple Sclerosis disease treatment focuses on slowing the progression of the disease, while Parkinsons Disease treatment focuses on managing the symptoms.

Check out this quick guide about the similarities and differences between the two conditions to help patients avail the best Parkinsons Disease and Multiple Sclerosis treatment on time.

How Will Parkinson’s Disease Affect Your Life

Finding out that you have a long-term, progressive disease can lead to a wide range of feelings. You may feel angry, afraid, sad, or worried about what lies ahead. It may help to keep a few things in mind:

  • Usually this disease progresses slowly. Some people live for many years with only minor symptoms.
  • Many people are able to keep working for years. As the disease gets worse, you may need to change how you work.
  • It is important to take an active role in your health care. Find a doctor you trust and can work with.
  • Depression is common in people who have Parkinson’s. If you feel very sad or hopeless, talk to your doctor or see a counsellor.
  • It can make a big difference to know that you’re not alone. Ask your doctor about Parkinson’s support groups, or look for online groups or message boards.
  • Parkinson’s affects more than just the person who has it. It also affects your loved ones. Be sure to include them in your decisions.

Read Also: What To Expect With Advanced Parkinson’s Disease

Trunk Control During Gait

Interestingly, the lumbar coronal range of motion was one of the top gait measures discriminating both the MS and PD groups from their age-matched controls in the laboratory, but not in daily life. The inability of lumbar motion to discriminate during daily life might be due to lumbar sensor measures being affected by the exact location of the sensor. In the laboratory, the researchers make sure the lumbar sensor location is consistent and stays securely attached throughout the testing, for all subjects, but it is hard to maintain a consistent sensor location placed by the subject in daily life conditions, and thus might not a reliable measure during daily life. Reduced lumbar range of motion while walking may reflect axial rigidity and loss of arm swing in the PD group , and may reflect the compensatory strategy to truncal ataxia in the MS group. In contrast to the reduced lumbar range of motion in the MS group here, our previous study found an excessive lumbar motion in people with very early MS who had normal gait speed .


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