How Common Is Yopd
It is not a rarity to encounter young people up to age 30 with PD. 10% of patients with PD are under the age of 40. However, a more significant percentage of patients with PD are people 50 and older.
Its common to have people from the age of 30 diagnosed with PD, also called YOPD. However, many YOPD patients have it because of family health genetics with the disease.
There are other patients diagnosed with the same and come from families who have never had a history of PD. Generic factors can cause YOPD, but environmental factors are also involved and play a role.
Sometimes even both factors can contribute to the early onset of the illness. Environmental factors include exposure to chemicals such as fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides for more extended periods.
Young Onset Vs Late Onset Parkinson’s Disease
Claudia Chaves, MD, is board-certified in cerebrovascular disease and neurology with a subspecialty certification in vascular neurology.
Parkinson’s disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder that features a progressive deterioration of motor function due to a loss of dopamine-producing brain cells.
The symptoms of Parkinsons diseasetremors, stiffness, slowness, impaired balance, and a shuffling gate in later stages of the illnessstart gradually and typically begin after age 60.
While the average age of diagnosis is 62, roughly 10% of people with the condition start to experience symptoms under the age of 50, known as young-onset Parkinsons disease.
What Is Parkinson’s Disease
Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder and the most common movement disorder. Characteristics of Parkinsons disease are progressive loss of muscle control, which leads to trembling of the limbs and head while at rest, stiffness, slowness, and impaired balance. As symptoms worsen, it may become difficult to walk, talk, and complete simple tasks.
The progression of Parkinson’s disease and the degree of impairment vary from person to person. Many people with Parkinson’s disease live long productive lives, whereas others become disabled much more quickly. Complications of Parkinsons such as falling-related injuries or pneumonia. However, studies of patent populations with and without Parkinsons Disease suggest the life expectancy for people with the disease is about the same as the general population.
Most people who develop Parkinson’s disease are 60 years of age or older. Since overall life expectancy is rising, the number of individuals with Parkinson’s disease will increase in the future. Adult-onset Parkinson’s disease is most common, but early-onset Parkinson’s disease , and juvenile-onset Parkinson’s disease can occur.
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Treatment Options For Early Onset Parkinsons Disease
Parkinsons treatment aims to slow the diseases progression. Medication treatment options may include the following:
- Levodopa is a chemical thats converted to dopamine in the brain. People with early onset Parkinsons may experience more negative side effects, such as involuntary movements.
- MAO-B inhibitors can help reduce the breakdown of dopamine in the brain.
- Catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors can help extend Levodopas effects on the brain.
- Anticholinergics can help reduce tremors.
- Amantadine may be used to improve muscle control and relieve stiffness.
Causes Of Early Onset Parkinsons Disease
Its unclear exactly what causes Parkinsons at any age. Genetic factors, environmental factors, or some combination of the two may play a role. This condition occurs when cells are lost in the part of the brain that produces dopamine. Dopamine is responsible for sending brain signals that control movement.
Certain genes are associated with early onset Parkinsons.
According to the National Parkinson Foundation, studies show that 65 percent of people with Parkinsons who experience onset before age 20 may do so because of a genetic mutation. This organization also suggests this mutation affects 32 percent of people who experience onset between age 20 and 30.
Environmental causes of the condition may include exposure to chemical toxins such as certain insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides.
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs recognizes Parkinsons as a disease caused by exposure to Agent Orange. Agent Orange is a synthetic chemical herbicide that was used to spray vegetation and trees during the Vietnam War.
You may have a higher risk of developing Parkinsons if you:
- are a man
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Trouble Moving Or Walking
Do you feel stiff in your body, arms or legs? Have others noticed that your arms dont swing like they used to when you walk? Sometimes stiffness goes away as you move. If it does not, it can be a sign of Parkinson’s disease. An early sign might be stiffness or pain in your shoulder or hips. People sometimes say their feet seem stuck to the floor.
What is normal?If you have injured your arm or shoulder, you may not be able to use it as well until it is healed, or another illness like arthritis might cause the same symptom.
Sharing My Story To Help Others
The reason that I started this story about my youth is that I contend that Parkinson’s may start at birth for some people. Maybe we were born with too little dopamine. Has anyone else thought the same thing? If so, we need to let the experts know. I hope my story will help some of you that are struggling with a new diagnosis of Parkinson’s. I love to use it as an excuse for just about everything. Oops, didn’t mean to say that – it’s the Parkinson’s. I even started flailing my arms around a student who was misbehaving. Oops, I said, It’s the Parkinson’s. I feel very lucky to have early onset Parkinson’s. I am happy that I can still walk, talk, and have fun with family and friends. I’m glad that I don’t have cancer or a more serious illness. I thank God that they figured out dopamine helps. I hope that I will continue to be able to laugh at my Parkinson’s and blame it for all kinds of things.
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Is Parkinsons Disease Fatal Life Expectancy For Parkinsons
Worried about your Parkinson’s disease life expectancy? A Parkinson’s disease diagnosis comes with many worries and anxieties. One worry concerns the progression of the disease and whether Parkinsons disease can be fatal. The issue is rarely straightforward, but there is no reason to think your condition is a death sentence. Many people live for years or decades with their Parkinsons disease symptoms under control, while the illness progresses more quickly for others. It’s important that you know what to expect when you’re diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease, so don’t be afraid to ask questions and air your concerns to your doctor. For now, let’s explore the issue of life expectancy of patients with Parkinson’s disease and address some common concerns.
The Plus Side Of An Early Diagnosis
The news is not nearly all bad for those with young-onset Parkinsons. For one thing, patients with YOPD are better candidates for surgical procedures and medical innovations being used or developed to treat Parkinsons disease. For another, younger patients are less likely to be coping with other health problems at the same time.
Targeting Parkinsons-Linked Protein Could Neutralize 2 of the Diseases Causes
Researchers report they have discovered how two problem proteins known to cause Parkinsons disease are chemically linked, suggesting that someday, both could be neutralized by a single drug designed to target the link.
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What Are The Early Onset Parkinsons Symptoms
Parkinsons disease is a progressive illness that leads to a gradual loss of motor control. The symptoms of Parkinsons are caused by the destruction of special dopamine producing cells in the brain, which in turn affects the central nervous system.
The underlying cause of the disease is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of environmental and genetic factors.
The most common form of Parkinsons disease mostly affects people aged 60 and above, but there is another form of Parkinsons that affects people aged between 21 and 50, so what are the early onset Parkinsons symptoms?
What Is Early Onset Parkinson’s Disease
When Parkinsons symptoms appear between the ages of 21 and 40 years, it is considered early onset.
Early onset Parkinsons disease is the same as Parkinsons disease and a degenerative neurological disease that manifests in a small group of neurons in the substantia nigra. These neurons produce dopamine that signals muscle response in the smooth muscles. It can also affects some non-motor functions of the body.
In Parkinsons disease, these neurons that produce dopamine die off and this lowers the dopamine levels. Body movements begin to become slower, walking becomes uncoordinated, balance is affected, and hand tremors set in. The cause of these cells dying is still unknown.
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What Is Early Onset Parkinson How Common What Are Symptoms
Parkinsons is a progressive illness that affects the central nervous system. The disease is not easily detected at its early stages. Still, some of the symptoms include impaired balance, lack of limb coordination, and limps and trunk being rigid. Other common signs to look for are depression, sleep disturbance, and loss of smell.
When we feel a little under the weather, we get checked to ascertain what is wrong. A medical check-up first is done to rule out a few things however, young-onset Parkinson can go undiagnosed for a long time unless you have recurring symptoms. It usually occurs to people under the age of 40.
How Does Exercise Change The Brain
Exercise affects how efficiently dopamine is used in the brain it does not produce more of the hormone dopamine. According to the Parkinsons Foundation, exercise improves this efficiency by modifying the areas of the brain where dopamine signals are received.
When dopamine travels through the brain, it connects to two brain cells through a space called the synapse. For one cell to close off the signal of dopamine to send it to the next cell, a protein complex known as the dopamine transporter has to pick it up. Studies have shown that people who exercise more have less of the dopamine transporter, allowing the dopamine to stay in the synapse longer and send a longer signal.
Dr. Joseph Jankovic, neurologist at Baylor St. Lukes Medical Center, has been a principal investigator in over 100 clinical trials for treatments of Parkinsons disease. He is also the founder and director of the Parkinson’s Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic, which has been recognized as a Center of Excellence by the National Parkinsons Foundation.
People who exercise also have increased connectivity within the brain, and they have less age-related degeneration of the brain. All of these factors support a notion that the brain benefits from long-term exercise, and this has been specifically shown in patients with Parkinsons disease.
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Young Onset Parkinsons Disease
Parkinsons disease is mostly diagnosed in people over the age of 60. However, some people develop the disease at younger ages. Some doctors consider anyone diagnosed with PD under the age of 55 to have young-onset Parkinsons disease, while other doctors would classify YOPD under the age of 50. A person under the age of 21 is diagnosed with Juvenile Onset Parkinsons.
Causes of Young-Onset Parkinsons diseaseThe exact cause of PD is not known, although scientists believe it results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The genetic factors play a larger role in young-onset PD, and researchers have found certain genetic mutations that are linked to a higher risk of developing young-onset PD, are PRKN, SNCA, Parkin , PINK1 , and LRRK2.
While genetic testing is available, not everyone who has these genetic mutations develops PD, and the presence of these genetic mutations does not impact treatment decisions. Researchers continue to study the impact of genetic and external factors in the development of PD.
Symptoms of Young-Onset Parkinsons disease
The same symptoms that are seen in older patients with PD are seen in young-onset PD, including:Tremor of the hands, arms, legs, or faceRigidity of the limbs and trunkSlowness of movement
Causes And Risk Factors For Early Onset Parkinsons Disease
PD is caused by a lack of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter thats involved in movement and cognitive functioning . Its not well understood why cells that create dopamine die off in people with PD.
Some research suggests that certain genes and genetic mutations may be associated with an earlier onset of parkinsonism symptoms. These genes include:
Like in PD, environmental factors may also play a role in the development of early onset disease. Its likely that an interaction between these factors and genetic risk factors contribute to disease onset. One study found that drinking well water and experiencing a head injury were risk factors for the development of young onset Parkinsons. This same study also found that exercise was a protective factor. That said, the causes and risk factors for PD are not well understood at this time, and research is ongoing.
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Early Onset Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms
The symptoms at onset are most often the same as the onset in later years, but it can be challenging for a young person that has to deal with work, children, and social situations.
Parkinsons in younger adults tends to be milder and progresses slower. This may be due to better health and the cells are less aged. There usually arent any issue with dementia and cognitionin younger people with Parkinsons. The tremor and involuntary movements that go with the disease are often the most severe issue for younger people.
- Hand tremor at rest
- Trouble sleeping
- Cognitive issuesbecause it can affect the way you feel, think, and behave or affect your memory
- It can rarely lead to impulse control disorder like binge eating, excessive shopping or hyper-sexuality
Only a few symptoms need to be present to diagnose Parkinsons and not all younger people have all of the symptoms. It is important if you have any of the above symptoms to see your doctor as soon as possible. It may be necessary to rule out other health conditions that can cause neurological symptoms.
Shoulder And Neck Ache With No Reduction Results In A Analysis
In 2015, Day thought an excessive amount of texting in mattress brought on her neck and shoulder ache. However after 5 months of bodily remedy, she didnt enhance.
They mentioned I ought to simply go to a neurologist and I used to be utterly shocked. I used to be like The neurologist, why? she defined. I assumed I used to be probably the most wholesome particular person on this planet and was very happy with myself that that I took no medicine.
She visited a physician who really helpful an MRI scan and bloodwork. Whereas the whole lot got here again regular, the physician needed to speak along with her.
I used to be like, Why would Im going in and discuss to you if the checks had been regular? she mentioned. I bought there and he mentioned, You understand one things actually unsuitable with you, proper? And I used to be like, No, what are you speaking about?
He mentioned she might have some sort of stiff particular person syndrome, however shied away from diagnosing her.
He mentioned, I couldnt actually say what its. It doesnt have the texture of idiopathic Parkinsons. However thats the one one it will be with the check outcomes, she recalled. He principally began to cry and was like, Youve got a 9-year-old daughter and thats a very horrible analysis and I dont need to do it to you.
The physician really helpful a second opinion and that physician confirmed that Day had Parkinsons illness.
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In Silico Prediction Analysis
To predict the potential pathogenicity of genetic variants, in silico prediction analysis was performed according to the American college of medical genetics and genomics guideline . Multiple sequence alignment of PLA2G6 protein sequences from different species was performed by ClustalX program to test the gene evolutionary conservation. Three in silico algorithms, including Mutation Taster , PolyPhen-2 , and Mutation assessor , were used to predict the effect of mutations on PLA2G6 function. Possible changes of the splice sites were predicted using NNSplice program encoded in Mutation Taster program. 3-D protein structures of both wild and variant type PLA2G6 protein were predicted using an ab initio modeling server, I-TASSER program , which were then viewed and edited by the molecular visualization system PyMOL . The missense variant was classified as Benign , Likely benign , Uncertain significance , Likely pathogenic , and Pathogenic using the automated pathogenicity tool, InterVar software , which can generate the preliminary interpretation according to the ACMG guideline. The splice site variant was evaluated manually based on the ACMG guideline.
Parkinson’s Disease Diet And Nutrition
Maintaining Your Weight With Parkinson’s Disease
Malnutrition and weight maintenance is often an issue for people with Parkinson’s disease. Here are some tips to help you maintain a healthy weight.
- Weigh yourself once or twice a week, unless your doctor recommends weighing yourself often. If you are taking diuretics or steroids, such as prednisone, you should weigh yourself daily.
- If you have an unexplained weight gain or loss , contact your doctor. He or she may want to modify your food or fluid intake to help manage your condition.
- Avoid low-fat or low-calorie products. . Use whole milk, whole milk cheese, and yogurt.
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