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Friday, July 1, 2022
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What Are Stages Of Parkinson’s Disease

Stooping Or Hunching Over

What are the different stages of Parkinson’s disease?

Are you not standing up as straight as you used to? If you or your family or friends notice that you seem to be stooping, leaning or slouching when you stand, it could be a sign of Parkinson’s disease .

What is normal?If you have pain from an injury or if you are sick, it might cause you to stand crookedly. Also, a problem with your bones can make you hunch over.

Stages Of Parkinsons Disease:

Stage 1:

In stage 1, symptoms for very mild and do not have any major impact on regular activities. On only one side of the body, tremor and other movements, symptoms may take place, and some changes in walking and facial expressions may also be seen.

Stage 2:

In stage 2, symptoms get worse, and it includes rigidity, tremor, and other movement symptoms. The symptoms appear on both sides of the body, and it becomes quite difficult to continue with regular activities. Individuals can still live alone, but if they are a part of any lengthy Activity, they need to skip it.

Stage 3:

Stage 3 is referred to as mid-state, and the patient experiences balance loss and slow movements. Theyre still independent, but these significantly impaired activities. Some individuals feel like they are not able to dress up on their own or eat properly. Some fall down on the ground as well.

Stage 4:

Stage 4 is severe, and sometimes individuals depend on others. If they want to move, they sometimes require Walker. Also, it becomes difficult for them to engage in activities, and they feel like things have come to an end. It means that 80% of a person is dependent on another person for their regular things.

Stage 5:

What Are The Symptoms Of Parkinsons Disease

Symptoms of Parkinsons disease and the rate of decline vary widely from person to person. The most common symptoms include:

Other symptoms include:

  • Speech/vocal changes: Speech may be quick, become slurred or be soft in tone. You may hesitate before speaking. The pitch of your voice may become unchanged .
  • Handwriting changes: You handwriting may become smaller and more difficult to read.
  • Depression and anxiety.
  • Sleeping disturbances including disrupted sleep, acting out your dreams, and restless leg syndrome.
  • Pain, lack of interest , fatigue, change in weight, vision changes.
  • Low blood pressure.

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What Are The Stages Of Parkinsons

Doctors sometimes use five stages to describe the progress of Parkinsons disease. Each stage presents changing or new symptoms that a person is likely to encounter.

It is worth noting that not everyone will reach the advanced stages. For some people, the symptoms remain mild, and they can continue to live independently and be mobile.

Dividing the condition into stages helps doctors and caregivers understand and address some of the challenges a person is experiencing as it progresses.

What Are The 5 Stages Of Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinsons Awareness Month: Stages of Parkinsons Disease ...

Parkinson’s disease is a neurological movement disorder that’s progressive, meaning symptoms worsen over time. According to the Parkinson’s Foundation, most people move through the stages of Parkinson’s disease gradually .;

There’s no lab test that can tell a person which stage their disease is in. Instead, it’s based on how severe a person’s movement symptoms are, and how much the disease impacts their ability to go about daily life.

While the stages of Parkinson’s disease can look a little different for everyone, here’s a typical pattern of the disease, per the Parkinson’s Foundation:

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Signs Of Parkinsons Disease

In 1817, Dr. James Parkinson published An Essay on the Shaking Palsy describing non-motor, as well as, motor symptoms of the illness that bears his name. Parkinsons is not just a movement disorder, explained Dr. Shprecher. Constipation, impaired sense of smell, and dream enactment can occur years before motor symptoms of Parkinsons. The latter, caused by a condition called REM sleep behavior disorder, is a very strong risk factor for both Parkinsons and dementia . This has prompted us to join a consortium of centers studying REM sleep behavior disorder.

What Is Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder and the most common movement disorder. Characteristics of Parkinsons disease are progressive loss of muscle control, which leads to trembling of the limbs and head while at rest, stiffness, slowness, and impaired balance. As symptoms worsen, it may become difficult to walk, talk, and complete simple tasks.

The progression of Parkinson’s disease and the degree of impairment vary from person to person. Many people with Parkinson’s disease live long productive lives, whereas others become disabled much more quickly. Complications of Parkinsons such as falling-related injuries or pneumonia. However, studies of patent populations with and without Parkinsons Disease suggest the life expectancy for people with the disease is about the same as the general population.

Most people who develop Parkinson’s disease are 60 years of age or older. Since overall life expectancy is rising, the number of individuals with Parkinson’s disease will increase in the future. Adult-onset Parkinson’s disease is most common, but early-onset Parkinson’s disease , and juvenile-onset Parkinson’s disease can occur.

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    Stage Four Of Parkinsons Disease

    In stage four, PD has progressed to a severely disabling disease. Patients with stage four PD may be able to walk and stand unassisted, but they are noticeably incapacitated. Many use a walker to help them.

    At this stage, the patient is unable to live an independent life and needs assistance with some activities of daily living. The necessity for help with daily living defines this stage. If the patient is still able to live alone, it is still defined as stage three.

    Can Parkinsons Disease Be Prevented

    What are the different forms and stages of Parkinson’s disease?

    Unfortunately, no. Parkinsons disease is long-term disease that worsens over time. Although there is no way to prevent or cure the disease , medications may significantly relieve your symptoms. In some patients especially those with later-stage disease, surgery to improve symptoms may be an option.

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    When To See A Doctor

    If youre experiencing any of the main symptoms of Parkinsons disease such as tremors, slow movement, or balance problems then you should speak with your doctor. You should also speak with your doctor if youre noticing changes in your daily tasks such as trouble buttoning a shirt or loss of smell. While these signs dont always indicate Parkinsons disease, its a good idea to at least rule it out.

    Your time with your doctor is limited so make sure you come to your appointment prepared. For example, youll want to write down all of the symptoms youre experiencing as well as any recent life changes or major stresses. Youll also want to inform your doctor of current medications and write down any questions you have for them.

    After talking with your doctor, theyll be able to determine what the next steps are.

    Managing Symptoms In The End Stage Of Parkinsons

    Because of the degenerative nature of the disease, patients in the end stage of Parkinsons;are at severe risk of:;;

    • Rashes;;
    • Digestive Problems ;;

    To avoid serious;complications, patients require 24-hour assistance. This includes:;;

    • Shifting Them Every Two Hours. To prevent their weight from opening wounds on the skin.;;
    • Toileting. Besides walking patients to the bathroom, caregivers need to help them undress and clean up afterwards.;;
    • Changing Diapers. If the patient is confined to bed, their diapers need to be checked and changed every two hours to prevent excoriation .;;;
    • Bathing & Grooming. If the patient cannot get to the shower, the caregivers will need to give them a sponge bath.;Patients will also need help trimming their nails, combing their hair, and brushing their teeth.;;
    • Eating. Caregivers may have to push patients to eat, if they are able.;Because of difficulties chewing and swallowing, soft foods may be all they can eat at this stage. Oatmeal, scrambled eggs, yogurt, applesauce, mashed potatoes, and smoothies are;good choices.;If you serve solid;food, cut it into;small pieces to prevent choking.;;
    • Drinking.;Patients need to drink 6-10 glasses of water a day to stay hydrated.;;
    • Organizing Medication. Patients are usually prescribed several medications to reduce shakes and control movement.;Medications need to be carefully organized and all caregivers need to be briefed on their instructions.;;;

    When is it Time;for;Hospice Care?

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    Parkinson’s Disease Diet And Nutrition

    Maintaining Your Weight With Parkinson’s Disease

    Malnutrition and weight maintenance is often an issue for people with Parkinson’s disease. Here are some tips to help you maintain a healthy weight.

    • Weigh yourself once or twice a week, unless your doctor recommends weighing yourself often. If you are taking diuretics or steroids, such as prednisone, you should weigh yourself daily.
    • If you have an unexplained weight gain or loss , contact your doctor. He or she may want to modify your food or fluid intake to help manage your condition.
    • Avoid low-fat or low-calorie products. . Use whole milk, whole milk cheese, and yogurt.

    What Is Advanced Parkinsons Disease

    Parkinsons disease

    The traditional classification and disease progression of Parkinsons disease orient on disease milestones that can be most obviously followed along motor domains. In this sense, the topography and severity of segmental motor symptoms, followed by more bilateral segmental involvement, finally appearance of gait disturbance, postural impairment and bedridden immobile states provide well defined but also in some way broadly scaled categories of disease stages. Although this and similar classifications are valuable to approximate and describe the motor severity over time, the classifications fall short to comprehensively describe and characterize the full, continuous and multidimensional spectrum of disease-related motor and non-motor symptoms. In recent years, diverse non-motor domains, quality of life, psychosocial burden and stigma have received major attention as determinants of PD disease course and outcome parameters of clinical trials . Diversity in neurodegeneration patterns and involvement of several neurotransmitters and their contribution to motor and non-motor symptom parallel the phenotypic variability .

    Characterizing PD patients on such broad scales is essential, since the phenotype of individual patients varies substantially. This diversity leads to ultimate differences in patients therapeutic requirements, and will very differentially affect patients subjective well-being, self-perceived disease-related impairments, and health-related quality of life.

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    What Are The Surgical Treatments For Parkinsons Disease

    Most patients with Parkinsons disease can maintain a good quality of life with medications. However, as the disease worsens, medications may no longer be effective in some patients. In these patients, the effectiveness of medications becomes unpredictable reducing symptoms during on periods and no longer controlling symptoms during off periods, which usually occur when the medication is wearing off and just before the next dose is to be taken. Sometimes these variations can be managed with changes in medications. However, sometimes they cant. Based on the type and severity of your symptoms, the failure of adjustments in your medications, the decline in your quality of life and your overall health, your doctor may discuss some of the available surgical options.

    Challenges To Classify Disease Stages At The Boundary Of Advpd And Atypical Parkinsonism

    During disease progression and based on the predominant motor and non-motor features associated with advPD, the separation from atypical parkinsonism may be difficult and overlap syndromes like minimal change multiple system atrophy or progressive supranuclear palsy with predominant parkinsonism have been described . AP includes a heterogeneous bunch of syndromes, all characterized by clinically manifest parkinsonism in combination with other clinical features and a poor therapeutic response to dopaminergic medication. Only post-mortem analyses can clearly differentiate from advPD, as their neuropathology is characteristically different: in MSA, alpha-synuclein accumulation is found and defines an alpha-syncleinopathy as PD, but mainly in glial cells as cytoplasmic inclusions . In contrast, PSP and corticobasal degeneration are referred to as tauopathies due to characteristic intraneuronal tau aggregation and some TDP-43 proteinopathies might also develop clinical parkinsonism .

    In this context, technical tests might further improve the quality of differential diagnosis. Autonomous tests, such as tests for cardiovascular, urinary, thermoregulatory or gastrointestinal dysfunction can be helpful for the diagnostic differentiation PD versus AP. Due to a marked overlap, the combination of several tests such as urodynamic investigation, tests for orthostatic dysregulation, RR-intervals and sympathetic skin response can contribute to support the correct diagnosis.

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    Stage Three Of Parkinsons Disease

    Stage three is considered mid-stage and is characterized by loss of balance and slowness of movement.

    Balance is compromised by the inability to make the rapid, automatic and involuntary adjustments necessary to prevent falling, and falls are common at this stage. All other symptoms of PD are also present at this stage, and generally diagnosis is not in doubt at stage three.

    Often a physician will diagnose impairments in reflexes at this stage by standing behind the patient and gently pulling the shoulders to determine if the patient has trouble maintaining balance and falls backward . An important clarifying factor of stage three is that the patient is still fully independent in their daily living activities, such as dressing, hygiene, and eating.

    Stage Five Of Parkinsons Disease

    Care of Late Stage Parkinson’s Disease

    Stage five is the most advanced and is characterized by an inability to rise from a chair or get out of bed without help, they may have a tendency to fall when standing or turning, and they may freeze or stumble when walking.

    Around-the-clock assistance is required at this stage to reduce the risk of falling and help the patient with all daily activities. At stage five, the patient may also experience hallucinations or delusions.

    While the symptoms worsen over time, it is worth noting that some patients with PD never reach stage five. Also, the length of time to progress through the different stages varies from individual to individual. Not all the symptoms may occur in one individual either. For example, one person may have a tremor but balance remains intact. In addition, there are treatments available that can help at every stage of the disease. However, the earlier the diagnosis, and the earlier the stage at which the disease is diagnosed, the more effective the treatment is at alleviating symptoms.

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    Get Treatment For Your Parkinsons Today

    Whatever stage your Parkinsons is in, our neurology staff, led by Dr. Sundaram, is prepared to give you our full support. We offer highly-personalized care, and will work with your other healthcare providers to deliver you the best solutions we can for managing your Parkinsons. If you are in North Texas or South Oklahoma, contact our providers at Texas Institute for Neurological Disorders to get the custom care you need. Schedule your appointment today.

    Is Parkinsons Disease Fatal

    Parkinsons disease itself doesnt cause death. However, symptoms related to Parkinsons can be fatal. For example, injuries that occur because of a fall or problems associated with dementia can be fatal.

    Some people with Parkinsons experience difficulty swallowing. This can lead to aspiration pneumonia. This condition is caused when foods, or other foreign objects, are inhaled into the lungs.

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    Symptoms Of Parkinsons Disease Dementia

    The early signs and symptoms of Parkinsons disease dementia are not obvious as it starts with mild cognitive problems like inability to multi-task, reduced focus, unable to participate in group conversations, etc. These symptoms are generally also associated with old age. However, when Parkinsons dementia develops, people may start experiencing disorientation or confusion, agitation, hallucinations, trouble coming up with words, misnaming people or objects around them, etc. Also Read – Why You Should Never Have Tea on an Empty Stomach, Expert Speaks

    How Can Hospice Help Your Loved One In The Final Stages Of Parkinsons Disease

    What is Parkinson

    Hospice care is an extra layer of support to help you care for your loved one with end-stage Parkinsons disease. It is a special kind of care that provides comfort, support, and dignity at the end of life.

    The comprehensive program focuses on physical, emotional, and spiritual quality of life through the help of a team of experts. The team includes a board-certified physician, nurse, social worker, certified home health aide , spiritual support counselor, and volunteer.

    The nurse will explain the prognosis and what to expect in the upcoming days or weeks. They will also monitor pain and other symptoms. The CHHA helps with personal care needs like bathing and changing bed linens. The social worker helps address social, emotional and practical challenges including complex and inter-related needs. The spiritual support counselor helps explore spiritual concerns.

    Most importantly, the hospice team will be there for you during this difficult time, ;bringing you peace of mind. The team is on call 24 hours a day even at 2:00 am.

    Hospice is about making your final months and weeks as good as possible. This means focusing on what really matters to you.

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    What Lifestyle Changes Can I Make To Ease Parkinsons Symptoms

    Exercise: Exercise helps improve muscle strength, balance, coordination, flexibility, and tremor. It is also strongly believed to improve memory, thinking and reduce the risk of falls and decrease anxiety and depression. One study in persons with Parkinsons disease showed that 2.5 hours of exercise per week resulted in improved ability to move and a slower decline in quality of life compared to those who didnt exercise or didnt start until later in the course of their disease. Some exercises to consider include strengthening or resistance training, stretching exercises or aerobics . All types of exercise are helpful.

    Eat a healthy, balanced diet: This is not only good for your general health but can ease some of the non-movement related symptoms of Parkinsons, such as constipation. Eating foods high in fiber in particular can relieve constipation. The Mediterranean diet is one example of a healthy diet.

    Preventing falls and maintaining balance: Falls are a frequent complication of Parkinson’s. While you can do many things to reduce your risk of falling, the two most important are: 1) to work with your doctor to ensure that your treatments whether medicines or deep brain stimulation are optimal; and 2) to consult with a physical therapist who can assess your walking and balance. The physical therapist is the expert when it comes to recommending assistive devices or exercise to improve safety and preventing falls.

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