Monday, October 3, 2022
Monday, October 3, 2022
HomeTrendingOt Interventions For Parkinson's Disease

Ot Interventions For Parkinson’s Disease

What Do Patients And Their Families Say About Lsvt

Occupational Therapy & Parkinsons Disease

Patients are excited to see and feel the changes. Loved ones will often comment on their observation of the persons improved movement or posture or daily activity participation. Most clients notice progress in their walking and movement within the first week, but the real change is at the end of four weeks when re-testing shows numbers that reinforce how he/she feels related to gains in walking speed, balance, managing buttons or fasteners, bed mobility and daily tasks.

LSVT BIG is improving the quality of life for our clients, but it is also very rewarding for the therapists. To see their expression and realization of what they can still do is a joy, and doing the movements alongside him/her reminds me of the effort that is put forth as they live with the disease day in and day out. It takes a lot of commitment from the client, their support system and us as therapists, but the outcomes are worth it.

LSVT programs require a physician referral. To learn more, talk to your healthcare provider or visit Overlakes Outpatient Rehabilitation Services.

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Risk Of Bias Within Studies

In most studies, the risk of bias was not high. Among the risk of bias domains, blinding of the participants and personnel and selective reporting revealed methodological concerns. Nine articles were classified as âunclear risk of bias in the random sequence generation because there was no specific description of the randomization method. Eight studies were classified as âunclear risk of biasâ in the allocation concealment. Another study that did not conceal the assignment order was classified as âhigh risk of bias.â Most studies were classified as âhigh risk of biasâ in the blinding of participants . In the incomplete outcome data , one study was evaluated as âhigh risk of biasâ and all the remaining studies were evaluated as âlow risk of biasâ. In the selective reporting , one study was rated as âhigh risk of biasâ and the rest of the studies were evaluated as âunclear risk of bias.â A summary of the risk of bias is shown in Figure 2.

The graph of risk of bias the summary of risk of bias: â+â=low risk of bias, âââ=high risk of bias, and â?â=unclear risk of bias.

S5: S3 OR S4

S6: S1 AND S2 AND S5

Citation: Foster, E. R., Carson, L. G., Archer, J., & Hunter, E. G. . Occupational therapy interventions for instrumental activities of daily living for adults with Parkinsons disease: A systematic review . American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 75, 7503190030.

Enabling A Cell Phones Accessibility Settings

Smartphones have many accessibility settings. An iPhone, for example, has numerous features for people with vision, motor, hearing and learning challenges. Click on the Settings icon and select Accessibility to see all the options.

Experiment with all the different settings that can help make using your smartphone easier. For example, you can set up your smartphone so that it responds to voice commands. You can also use speech-to-text on many smartphones or take advantage of the word prediction software. You can set up your cell phone so that it will ignore multiple touches or respond only to the first or last place that you touch. You may have to try different settings to see which one or combination best helps you use your cell phone.

Always remember, slowing down and avoiding multitasking while trying to use your phone can help minimize mistakes.

The above is just a sampling of what an OT can help you with. OTs can also help you better navigate additional daily tasks like dressing, bathing, and more.

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What Are The Common Difficulties Associated With Parkinsons Disease

The symptoms of Parkinsons can be categorised under three main headings and below are some of the functional difficulties they may cause.

  • Tremors such as a trembling or shaking in the hands. This can affect the ability to write, eat, drink, prepare meals or use door keys
  • Slow movement due to muscle stiffness this can mean that carrying out daily tasks such as getting out of bed, on and off the toilet, washing, dressing or using the stairs all become challenging
  • Difficulty walking this can mean an increased risk of falling and a decreased ability to carry out daily activities

If you would like to learn more about how we as occupational therapists can help people overcome common difficulties associated with Parkinsons Disease, you will find some useful links at the bottom of this page.

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Living With Parkinsons And The Emerging Role Of Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy for Parkinsons Disease

Jelka Jansa

1Neurologic Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Zaloska 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

2Phoenix Cottage, New Buildings, Carlingcott, Bath, UK

Academic Editor:

Abstract

1. Introduction

This overview explores the philosophy and evolution of the OT role specifically in the management of people with Parkinsons from the unique perspective of the two authors, who have a combined 47 years professional experience of working with people living with Parkinsons . Recently published, robust and rigorous randomised controlled trials , along with earlier non-peer reviewed, published sources that synthesised and translated basic research evidence into clinical practice, and more recent evidence-based Parkinsons specific guidance for OTs are also presented. This emergent evidence base underpins and demonstrates the role of OT and its value, in terms of health related quality of life benefits of OT for people with Parkinsons and in some cases for their care givers as well.

2. Canadian Practice Process Framework

2.1. The Frame of Reference, Societal, and Practice Context
2.2. Eight Action Points
2.2.3. Assess/Evaluate
2.2.4. Agree Objectives and Plan

Occupational therapist and PD patients expectations should be focused towards the same achievable functional goals. It is important to negotiate goals that are specific and measurable and that can be achievable in the time frame available for intervention.

2.2.5. Implement Plan

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How An Occupational Therapist Helps Seniors With Parkinsons

Parkinsons disease is a disorder that damages the nervous system and affects movement. Its a progressive disease that affects a persons ability to carry out ADLs and IADLs in a normal fashion.

  • ADLs: Activities of daily living, such as getting out of bed, taking a shower, dressing and eating
  • IADLs: Instrumental activities of daily living, such as caring for a pet, cooking, driving

Big Things Learned About Treating Patients With Parkinsons Through Lsvt Big

As three of the faculty for the LSVT BIG Training and Certification Course, we have had the incredible opportunity to learn from each other over the years. Although each of us has unique backgrounds and paths that led us to become Occupational Therapists, we share a common passion for helping people with Parkinsons disease .

We have also realized there are common themes in the lessons we have each learned and in ways we have changed our approach to treating patients with PD since becoming LSVT BIG Certified.

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Occupational Therapy For People With Early Parkinsons Disease: A Retrospective Program Evaluation

Miriam Rafferty

1Shirley Ryan AbilityLab, Chicago, IL, USA

2Rocky Mountain Regional VA Medical Center, Aurora, CO 80045, USA

3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA

4Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA

Academic Editor:

Abstract

1. Introduction

Occupational performance, or engagement in life activities, is impacted by Parkinsons disease symptoms, including tremor, bradykinesia, weakness, poor dexterity, fatigue, gait impairment, apathy, depression, and cognitive deficit . An integrated team approach is needed to address these deficits, including contributions from occupational therapists. Clinical practice guidelines recommend occupational therapy services for people with PD in all stages of the disease . Yet, data reveals that people with PD rarely use OT .

2. Materials and Methods

2.1. Setting
2.2. Participants
2.3. Implemented Intervention
2.4. Data Sources

Retrospective data were collected from all PwEP who came through the proactive rehabilitation program in 2018. Data were extracted from the referring providers note and OT documentation in the electronic medical record and managed using a tool created in Research Electronic Data Capture software hosted at the University Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute . Program evaluation phone interviews were completed in 2019 for PwEP seen in 2018.

Note

How Long Does The Lsvt Program Last

Parkinson’s Disease Exercises: LSVT BIG Movements

The LSVT BIG program is 16 sessions: four consecutive days per week for four weeks. Each session lasts one hour. There is daily homework practice as well. Once a person graduates from LSVT BIG with the skilled therapy sessions, the recommendation is to continue the exercises daily.

At our clinic, we have occupational therapy, physical therapy and speech-language pathology all under one roof. Occupational and physical therapy combine to provide the frequency of services each week, which allows us to address a vast number of a persons concerns in that four-week period.

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How Aquatic Therapy Helps Manage Parkinsons Symptoms

Hydrotherapy treats a wide range of illnesses and orthopedic or chronic disorders. Among them are many conditions related to strength and balance. While aquatic exercise for Parkinsons disease does not reduce all risks of falls which is a key concern among many Parkinsons patients it can be beneficial by strengthening the core and improving muscle memory.

How Can Occupational Therapy Help People With Parkinson’s Disease

Occupational therapists can work with people with Parkinson’s Disease and their families to provide advice, support and guidance during their journey. For some they may require advice on a specific item of equipment whilst for other clients we are involved in more substantial home modifications and support as their needs change with the progressing condition. Below are some ways that an occupational therapist can help:

How we can help

We aim to solve the difficulties associated with Parkinsons Disease. Some of the common ones we treat are listed below.

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What Is Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy can help people with Parkinson’s disease stay active in daily life. By improving your skills, showing you different ways to complete tasks, or introducing you to handy equipment, an occupational therapist can help you perform everyday activities with greater ease and satisfaction. An occupational therapist may also recommend making changes to your home or workplace to promote your independence.

Lsvt And Ot: Advice From An Lsvt Big Ot

Occupational Therapy Exercises For Parkinsons Disease

If you work with adults, especially older adults, you are almost sure to encounter someone with Parkinsons disease. Parkinsons disease is a progressive neurological disease that often begins with a tremor or subtle change in gait. PD is known for affecting each person in a unique way, meaning not everyone will experience the same symptoms.

For example, some people experience difficulty in their ability to communicate due to changes in speech, vocal volume, and inflection. This can further limit desire for social interaction and increase isolation. As OTs, we can work to remediate some deficits that may impact ADL performance, through interventions like LSVT. This article will cover the basics about LSVT and OT for those interested in this approach.

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How Much Does It Cost To Get Certified

As mentioned above, there are several ways to get certified as an LSVT OT. You can do their online training, which will take approximately 16 hours and costs $580 for occupational therapists and $300 for students.

You can also get certified in-person at their two day course for the same rates as above. Both options can also count towards your continuing education requirements. Be sure to check their website for the most current in-person and virtual training course information.

How Occupational Therapy Helps Parkinsons

Parkinsons disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain that impairs nerve cells that control movement. This leads to symptoms like shaking, stiffness and difficulty with walking and talking, that gradually worsen over time. Approximately 60,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinsons each year, with men being 1.5 times more likely to have the disease than women.

Healthy Outlook spoke with occupational therapist Lorinda Hagstrom from Overlakes Outpatient Rehabilitation Services to learn more about this treatment.

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Parkinsons Disease And Occupational Therapy: Helping People To Live Better With Their Pd Symptoms

If youre living with Parkinsons Disease an Occupational Therapist may be able to help you achieve your goals so you can perform better to live better.

Whether youre frustrated by your ability to perform everyday tasks, had a fall or perhaps youve experienced a decline in confidence to manage at home?

Whatever your situation, these are all very real and all too common experiences many people affected by PD, maybe much like you, have on a regular basis.

We would like to help.

No intervention can reverse or cure Parkinsons disease. This has been real frustration for many people, maybe much like you as well as David Norris our Senior OT who is passionate about providing Parkinsons Disease occupational therapy services.

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Use Your Personal Strengths

Occupational Therapy – Parkinsons Disease

How can you build on your strengths and minimize your limitations? For example, if you have the strength of helping children enjoy reading, you could exercise that strength by reading to your grandchildren, by listening to them as they read, or by playing a reading game that stimulates both your imagination and theirs.

One of your strengths may be thinking skills. One thinking skill is imagining doing the activity before doing it. For example, imagining writing big can actually help you write big. Another thinking skill is speaking the steps out loud. When combing your hair, try saying hold and comb, to avoid dropping the comb.

Make sure you are exercising. Improving strength, balance and endurance through exercise supports your participation in all sorts of activities. Whether it is dancing or walking to a neighbors house, find an enjoyable way to exercise.

Lastly, be positive. Think, I will do rather than Ill try to and you may be more successful.

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What Is Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease is a progressive, neurological condition where nerve cells in the brain stop working over time, and therefore cannot produce the chemical dopamine. Dopamine sends signals to the brain triggering it to produce smooth, fluid and controlled movement. Without dopamine, movement can become slower and more difficult.

Occupational Therapy Modifications For People With Parkinsons

Along with physical exercises, occupational therapists often recommend modifications to help people living with PD maintain function and continue participating in daily activities. Modifications may include:1

  • Changing the nature, time, and duration of an activity
  • Simplifying activities by breaking complex actions into simple tasks
  • Arranging items to reduce situations that involve time pressure, like moving the telephone to an accessible location

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What Is Parkinsons Disease

Parkinsonâs Disease is a progressive, neurological condition where nerve cells in the brain stop working over time, and therefore cannot produce the chemical dopamine. Dopamine sends signals to the brain triggering it to produce smooth, fluid and controlled movement. Without dopamine, movement can become slower and more difficult.

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How Ot Can Help Improve Your Quality Of Life Throughout The Stages Of Parkinsons:

Ot Treatment For Parkinson Disease

In Stage I of Parkinsons, tremor and other movement symptoms are mild and typically affect one side of the body. OT during Stage I can address:

As Parkinsons progresses to Stage II, tremor, rigidity and other movement symptoms impact both sides of the body and posture and walking are also affected. OT during this stage can address:

  • Stretch to warm up before dressing. Allow plenty of time to get ready before going out into your community. Use adaptive equipment to make dressing easier, such as a long handle shoe horn, elastic shoe laces, button hook, Velcro closures on shoes and clothes, etc.
  • Toileting. Use a regular schedule to help prevent accidents. Use pads, briefs or panty liners to help with incontinence. Use plastic or washable pads for bed.
  • Exercise Training. Continue large amplitude exercises as you are able.

In Stage III of Parkinsons, symptoms include loss of balance and slowness of movement, and falls are more common. Though the person living with Parkinsons is still fully independent, symptoms significantly impair activities of daily living such as dressing and eating. To help during this stage, OT can address:

In Stage IV of Parkinsons, symptoms are severe and very limiting. Tremor may be less, but rigidity and freezing can profoundly affect your quality of life. While its possible to stand without assistance, movement may require a walker. OT during Stage IV can address:

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Speech And Language Therapy

Deterioration in speech is a common manifestation of that increases in frequency and intensity with the progress of the disease.

The specific resulting from is known as hypokinetic dysarthria and it is characterised by:

  • monotony with reduced loudness and pitch range
  • difficulties in initiating speech
  • imprecise consonant
  • breathy or harsh voice.

Treatment programmes have focused on specific components of the such as respiratory exercise and prosodic exercises. These treatments can be used with individuals or in groups.

is a speech therapy programme developed specifically for individuals with . It focuses on improving voice loudness with immediate carry over into daily communication. The intensive nature of the programme helps individuals with PD to recognise that their voice is too soft, convince them that a louder voice is within normal limits and makes them comfortable using the new louder voice. It is now provided by certified clinicians in England.

Some people with may benefit from use of augmentative and alternative communication devices, which can include the use of:

  • alphabet boards

Help With Funding For Adaptations

Occupational therapists can advise and help arrange funding for minor home adaptations if you need them, such as fitting grab rails or hand rails by steps and stairs.

If you need advice about more expensive home adaptations, such as stairlifts, or accessible bathing facilities, you should speak to an occupational therapist based in a social services department, or the health and social care services of a local authority. They may advise you on any funding available. However, major home adaptations, such as installing a level-floor shower are often subject to means testing.

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