Occupational Therapy Modifications For People With Parkinsons
Along with physical exercises, occupational therapists often recommend modifications to help people living with PD maintain function and continue participating in daily activities. Modifications may include:1
- Changing the nature, time, and duration of an activity
- Simplifying activities by breaking complex actions into simple tasks
- Arranging items to reduce situations that involve time pressure, like moving the telephone to an accessible location
Guidance From An Accredited Exercise Physiologist
Its important to contact a health professional before commencing exercise to ensure your safety. An Accredited Exercise Physiologist can assess and tailor an exercise program specific to your individual needs. They will supervise your exercises and ensure you start at a light intensity, gradually increasing your prescription based on your progress. Sometimes individuals with Parkinsons may need to be cautious during hot temperatures, around trip hazards and if they are fatigued or unwell. Your Accredited Exercise Physiologist will adapt your program and always be there to guide you.
to find an exercise physiologist near you.
Physical Therapy For Parkinsons
Physical therapy is a program that helps you build strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination. It starts with an evaluation of your current abilities to locate the areas of movement causing you problems.
The therapist will teach you exercises and other techniques to improve your strength, coordination, balance, and movement. During physical therapy sessions, you might learn to:
- get in and out of bed or a chair more easily
- stretch your muscles to improve your range of motion
- walk more smoothly, without shuffling
- go up and down stairs
- use a cane or a walker to help you get around
To get the most out of your physical therapy sessions, find a therapist with experience treating Parkinsons or similar disorders. Therapists who are board-certified neurologic specialists should have this type of training. Ask your neurologist to recommend someone.
Certain types of physical therapy can help with movement issues caused by Parkinsons disease. Here are a few of them.
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Promoting Physical Activity And Preventing Falls
Because PD is a chronic progressive disorder, it is probable that sustained exercise is necessary to maintain benefits. Indeed, follow-up data from a number of human exercise interventions have demonstrated a gradual return to baseline abilities after the supervised intervention is finished.7,25,38
Because weekly intervention with a physical therapist, throughout the entire course of PD, is neither realistic nor desirable, patients need to take responsibility for their physical activity and exercises. Methods have been developed, based on theories of behavior, for improving exercise habits. Strategies include exploration of the patient’s beliefs about exercise and barriers to regular exercise and discussing the possibility of looking at things differently to change beliefs and overcome barriers.4345 Together, the clinician and patient then establish reasonable goals that the patient thinks are attainable they build on those goals as exercise habits improve. Regular follow-up appointments also are important to monitor progression and provide support to the patient.
Search The American Physical Therapy Association Directory
The last resort would be to find a physical therapist at a practice specializing in neurology using the APTAs Find a PT tool. Select Neurology under Practice Focus or Find by Specialist.
Still no luck?
It would be well worth your time to plan a road trip to the closest Parkinsons physical therapist, even if its a significant commute. Call ahead and let them know your situation. Ask them if they can condense your treatments into one to three extended sessions . Plan a day trip and ask a friend or family member to come along. The effort will be worth it in the end.
Finally, visit a physical therapy clinic in your area and ask them if theyd consider paying for one of their physical therapists to attend a Parkinsons training course. It would improve their value to the community and boost their business!
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Make It To Your Appointments
The number of physical therapy appointments you need depends on your condition and goals. Generally, your first appointment will include an evaluation and exercise recommendations. In following appointments, your physical therapist will check your progress and add or modify exercises according to your needs. Make sure you attend all of your appointments to stay on track.
What This Study Adds
A variety of physiotherapy methods currently exist for treating Parkinsons disease
Physiotherapy could provide clinically meaningful benefits in the short term for patients, although many relevant trials have been of low methodological quality, small size, and short duration. Indirect comparisons indicate little difference in treatment effect between interventions
It is uncertain whether physiotherapy is beneficial in the longer term, and if so, which type of physiotherapy is best to deliver
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The Benefits Of Massage Therapy On Parkinsons Disease
In addition to its tragic impact on voluntary motor skills, Parkinsons disease typically causes muscle stiffness and rigidity. Learn how bodywork can alleviate the symptoms of this increasingly common central nervous system disorder.
Want to earn continuing education credit for this article? Learn more.
Parkinsons disease is a fairly common progressive degenerative central nervous system disorder. Affecting approximately one million people in the U.S., Parkinsons disease is a dysfunction in the basal ganglia, an area of the brain that controls voluntary movement. Characteristic symptoms of this chronic, progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder include tremors, rigidity, slow movement , poor balance and difficulty walking .
Occupational Therapy For Parkinsons Disease
Occupational therapy for Parkinsons Disease incorporates the use of functional activities as part of the therapy process, including:
ADL training: dressing, feeding, bathing, grooming, hygiene, toileting
IADL training: leisure activities, social participation, caring for pets, participating in daily activities and routines
Balance training to improve participation in tasks
Training to manage tremors in the hands and upper extremities
Safety and fall prevention including fall proofing of home environments
Modification of tasks including recommendation of equipment, technology and adaptive strategies to improve independence
Transfer training to improve ability to get up from a chair or toilet seat as well as in and out of bed or a car.
An occupational therapy program can help a client with Parkinsons Disease to:
Prevent falls and improve safety at home
Improve coordination with tasks including buttoning, feeding and handwriting
Manage tremors during functional tasks
Continue to participate in social activities with modifications
Maintain independence at home with improved safety
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How Many Physical Therapy Visits Will I Need
Treatments in physical therapy often can be completed in one to three office visits. The first appointment includes an evaluation and recommendations for exercises. The following appointments check your progress and review and expand your home program. Most hospitals can provide additional sessions of outpatient therapy if needed.
Norton Health Parkinson’s Disease Golf Clinic At The Nevel Meade Golf Course In Prospect Kentucky
The Norton Health Parkinson’s disease golf clinic at the Nevel Meade Golf Course in Prospect, Kentucky.
Becky Fangman is one of the patients.
“It took me about a year to come to terms with the diagnosis, and after that, it’s like get involved as much as I can,” she said. “A lot of people are on their journey as well and they like to do things that I like to do.”
“This summer was my nine years since I’ve had it,” said Jeff Collins, another patient with Parkinson’s disease. “Fatigue is one of my big issues. It affects everyone differently. Parkinson’s will tighten you up into little shuffles and things like that, so everything is a big movement, a big step. With the golf swing, obviously, you want to open up a big, arcing swing.”
And both patients know they’re not just golfing around.
“The whole thing is centered around the PT,” Collins said. “I mean, golf is to get us guys out here. Golf is the fun part.”
Cash said the golf course provides real-world incentive to get in the PT.
“It just makes it more realistic,” she said. “Obviously, a lot more fun to be out on the golf course and hanging out with people. We’ve had a lot of guys make friends here and they start golfing together. So it’s been great.”
Fangman said it works for her.
“That one great swing keeps you coming back for more,” she said.
Collins also gives the program a thumbs up.
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Assessment Of Technical Skills
The technique of the Nordic walking training appeared to be very challenging for the patients. Patients had difficulties in opening the hands during the push-off phase. Furthermore, patients tended to carry the pole without weight loading with the more affected hand. However, the group managed to learn the Nordic walking technique, but the level of performance differed between the patients. 17 of the patients mastered the NW technique very well, 10 patients showed a good technical performance and 3 patients performed poorly. Both the NW group and the walking group had difficulties in employing a diagonal sequence and an interlimb coordination. Patients did not notice the technical deficits and depended on the coaching of the instructors.
Seated Option: Calf Stretch with Strap
Putting On Your Jacket
Getting dressed takes a lot of flexibility, balance and coordination. You have to be able to twist and reach into that jacket or shirt hole. You need some serious balance to lift one foot up to put inside a pant leg without having to sit on the edge of the bed. Exercise, in combination with smart clothing strategies, can save you a lot of time and frustration every day.
If youre struggling with getting clothes on your body, your Parkinsons physical therapist can help break down the movement into various exercises so you can get back to doing more on your own. If you struggle with the buttons, zippers and laces, make sure to include an occupational therapist in your treatment program and practice your hand exercises regularly.
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Be Your Own Therapist
Which activities are most important to you? Once you answer, try the strategies below to see which ones work for you for each activity.
Use Personal Strengths
How can you build on your strengths and minimize your limitations? For example, if you have the strength of helping children enjoy reading, you could exercise that strength by reading to your grandchildren, by listening to them as they read or by playing a reading game that stimulates both your imagination and theirs.
One of your strengths may be thinking skills. One thinking skill is imagining doing the activity before doing it. For example, imagining writing big can actually help you write big. Another thinking skill is speaking the steps out loud. When combing your hair, try saying hold and comb, to avoid dropping the comb.
Make sure you are exercising. Improving strength, balance and endurance through exercise supports your participation in all sorts of activities. Whether it is dancing or walking to a neighbors house, find an enjoyable way to exercise
Lastly, be positive. Think, I will do rather than Ill try to and you may be more successful.
Change the Environment
Adapt the Activity
Which activities do you enjoy and how can you adapt that activity to make sure you can still do it? For example, if you love baking, perhaps substitute complex recipes with simpler ones.
How Well Do The Outcomes Of The Intervention Provided To Mr Jennings Match Those Suggested By The Systematic Review
The interventions provided for Mr Jennings were most similar to those in the general physical therapy and exercise trials. Tomlinson et al reported significant improvements in the FRT with data from the exercise and cuing groups and in the TUG with data from the exercise, cuing, dance, and martial arts groups. Mr Jennings’ improvements in balance, as evidenced by the FRT and TUG results , were at the high end of the changes reported by Tomlinson et al.
Only limited data for the minimal clinically important difference of measures in people with PD are available they are predominantly from one study to date. The data reported may have been from people with much greater impairments, as indicated by the changes noted they would have been improbable for Mr Jennings, given his baseline status. Mr Jennings’ 6-minute walk test change score met the criterion of 50 m as the minimal clinically important difference reported for a variety of people with a variety of cardiopulmonary diagnoses.
Changes in FAR were not reported in the systematic review, but it is noteworthy that the change in FAR for Mr Jennings was at the high end of the improvements reported by Schenkman et al. No comparison data were found for the other 2 outcomes.
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Helping To Prevent Or Manage Falls
Your physiotherapist can work with you on strength and balance training to improve any problems you may have with walking, especially when youre turning.
People who experience freezing, or who are stiffer or weaker, are more at risk of falling.
Your physiotherapist can help you improve your confidence and reduce any fear of falling. They can also teach you techniques to help you get down safely on to the floor, and up again if you fall. Often, a physiotherapist will work with an occupational therapist to help you remove any tripping hazards from your home.
Wellbeing Parkinsons Disease And Physical Therapy
Quality of life is the overriding concern of Parkinsons disease and physical therapy. Though patients cannot reverse their symptoms, with the help of their therapist, they can remain independent and functional. By moving and staying active, they can make good days more productive and bad days less challenging.
Sadly, no amount of physical therapy can reverse Parkinsons disease. Eventually, there will come a time when the patient cannot maintain their independence and will require someone to look after them full-time. Despite this, physical therapy still plays a useful role by reducing the burden of care.
Therapists can help patients re-learn basic physical skills, such as rolling over or raising their arms. Simple movements can make the patient more of a partner, able to assist their caregiver with the activities of daily living such as bathing, grooming, and dressing, improving outcomes for both caregiver and patient alike.
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Establish A Regular Exercise Routine
Outside of seeking physician approval, its important to understand that the best exercise for Parkinsons disease is the kind that patients enjoy and will stick with. Forming a new habit can be daunting, but long-lasting physical fitness regimens are the most effective against PD symptoms regardless of their intensity. Activities that raise your heart rate and promote deep breathing are ideal, but every little bit helps. If an activity isnt clicking after giving it a fair try, then move on to something else that might be more promising.
Focus Of Pt For Parkinson’s
After collecting information about your current functional abilities and impairments, your physical therapist can start to formulate a treatment plan. Your plan of care will likely involve other healthcare professionals since PD affects so many different body systems. It is also important to include family members or friends in your treatment so that they can provide assistance if needed.
The main focus of your physical therapy should be on maintaining functional mobility and control. Specific strategies to help improve the smoothness of movement may also be necessary to maintain optimal functional mobility.
Since PD can cause many motor planning changes and mobility problems, exercise should be a primary component of treatment. The focus of exercise for PD should be to improve walking and balance, improve strength and range of motion, increase postural awareness and improve breathing and endurance. Be sure to speak with your healthcare provider and physical therapist before starting an exercise program to be sure that it is safe for your specific condition. Your healthcare provider and physical therapist can also work together to help you decide which exercises would be best suited for you.
- Carr, J. H. . Neurological rehabilitation: optimizing motor performance. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann
- Umphred, D. A. . Neurological rehabilitation. . St. Louis: Mosby.
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Physical Therapy And Pd
Exercise and staying active play important roles in living well with Parkinson’s disease , from diagnosis throughout the course of disease. Physical therapy helps people with PD keep moving. In fact, recent research suggests that physical therapy including gait and balance training, resistance training and regular exercise may help improve or maintain PD symptoms.
What Can Be Advised Based On The Results Of This Systematic Review
Findings from the systematic review demonstrated that people with PD achieve greater short-term improvements in gait and balance with physical therapy intervention than with placebo or no physical therapy intervention. Because PD is a progressive condition, short-term benefits are important, but true benefits may be realized only if the patient develops the skills and strategies for long-term adherence to appropriate exercise and activity. Furthermore, the results were obtained with a range of intervention approaches, including general physical therapy, exercise, cuing, treadmill, dance, and martial arts. Hence, clinicians can consider any of a range of intervention approaches when working with people with PD, especially in the early and middle stages of PD, and can take into account peoples preferences. This finding is important given that people with PD likely need to develop long-term exercise habits to sustain benefits. People are most likely to adhere to an exercise regimen if they are doing something they enjoy. Furthermore, some people may be more likely to develop sustained exercise habits if they can vary their approach. At the same time, clinicians are cautioned to consider the impairments that are most limiting to their patients when deciding which intervention approaches to use.
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