The Potential Neuroprotective Effect Of Exercise
Arguably the most important benefit of exercise if you have Parkinsons disease is its neuroprotective effects. The Parkinsons Foundation defines neuroprotection as defenses against the damage, degeneration, and/or death of neurons, or the cells in your nervous system.
This is important, given that Parkinsons interferes with the neurons in your brain that control body movement.
In fact, the Parkinsons Foundation says that interventions that provide neuroprotective benefits, including exercise, can change the course of Parkinsons disease in other words, slow the progression of symptoms.
Physical Therapy Exercises For Patients With Parkinsons Disease
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Assistant Professor Christine Clarkin Received Grant Funding From The Rhode Island Foundation For Parkinsons Study
We are pleased to announce that Dr. Christine Clarkin received $24,827 for her Parkinsons study from The Rhode Island Foundation!
The Rhode Island Foundation offers many grants and scholarships to the community throughout the year. Dr. Clarkin was awarded funding for her pilot study through the Medical Research Grants program. The program is designed to support new researchers by providing them with seed funding for the development of their projects. Their goal is to help researchers strengthen their projects, so they can apply for national funding in the future.
Excerpt from the Rhode Island Foundation announcement below:
The University of Rhode Island received $24,827 for the Parkinsons study led by Christine Clarkin, assistant professor of physical therapy.
Brain health is an important part of healthy aging for everyone across the lifespan, but may be even more critical if an individual has been diagnosed with a chronic, progressive neurodegenerative disease, such as Parkinsons disease. Treatment of Parkinsons is multi-faceted, but one of the cornerstone strategies is exercise, said Clarkin.
Results from the pilot study will assist in the development of successful recruitment and retention strategies as well as advance knowledge about the benefits of active-assisted versus self-selected exercise interventions.
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How Can Physical Therapy Help Parkinson’s Disease
Physical therapy is an important part of a treatment plan for Parkinson’s disease. It aims to help individuals with Parkinson’s disease remain active and independent as long as possible. According to a recent meta-analysis, physical therapy significantly improves symptoms related to motor skills. The Parkinson’s Foundation states that increasing physical activity to 2.5 hours a week or more can help people with Parkinson’s disease maintain their quality of life.
Overall, physical therapy can help with the following:
- Increasing endurance
Because physical therapy improves motor skills and decreases pain, you can expect it to help with many of your regular activities, such as getting up from a chair, climbing stairs and getting into and out of a car.
Physical therapy can also improve other symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disease, such as depression, anxiety and fatigue. Lastly, it can help with other health issues that impair mobility, like joint pain.
Doctors recommend beginning an evidence-based physical therapy program as soon as possible. Exercise can induce neuroplasticity, or the brain’s ability to change in response to behavioral changes. When you begin physical therapy, your brain learns new ways to move and think. Exercise also helps brain cells stay healthy. In other words, physical therapy may slow the progression of Parkinson’s disease.
Parkinsons Home Exercise Program
You dont need to join a gym or purchase expensive fitness equipment to stay active with Parkinsons disease. On the contrary, there are many great exercises that you can do from the comfort of your home, regardless of which stage of the disease you are in. Take a look at some great examples in the sections below.
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Brian Grant Foundation Exercise Videos
Cost: Free for 9 videos $29/month or $290/year for online streaming
The nine free classes include boxing fundamentals, HIIT , chair fit, tai chi, core, yoga, stretching/mobility. The free classes are 13 to 30 minutes. Classes are led by a physical therapist with Parkinsons specific certifications.
Paid classes incorporate PWR! Moves, cognitive dual task training, balance training, intensity training, and flexibility. For subscribers, new 20-25 minute videos are released weekly.
Dance exercise class videos on YouTube. Each is fewer than 10 minutes long. Nearly 30 videos as of October 28, 2020.
Rachelle was featured at the Davis Phinney Foundation Victory Summit Albany in October, 2020. Watch an interview with Rachelle here, and Rachelles 25 minute Dance Beyond Parkinsons Summit presentation here.
Six seated dance exercise class videos on YouTube. Each is about one hour long. All are with the same instructor.
Cost: Free for 16 videos $50 for 100+ videos
Sixteen archived exercise classes are available for free viewing. Classes are designed to increase coordination, balance, flexibility, and strength through music and movement from a broad range of dance styles. 100+ archived classes and additional benefits are available for a $50 membership.
How Occupational Therapy Helps Parkinsons
Parkinsons disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain that impairs nerve cells that control movement. This leads to symptoms like shaking, stiffness and difficulty with walking and talking, that gradually worsen over time. Approximately 60,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinsons each year, with men being 1.5 times more likely to have the disease than women.
Healthy Outlook spoke with occupational therapist Lorinda Hagstrom from Overlakes Outpatient Rehabilitation Services to learn more about this treatment.
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Pathophysiology Of Parkinsons Disease
The progressive death of dopaminergic neurons in the Substantia Nigra pars compacta located in the midbrain, more precisely in the Basal Ganglia , promotes a significant decrease in the levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine, and as a consequence the functional impairment of the neural circuits . The chronic reduction in dopamine levels gives rise to the manifestation of the motor symptoms that characterize this disease. However, the pathophysiology of PD is not limited to the dopaminergic system, that is, neuronal degeneration of other areas of the brain such as the brainstem and cortex competes and even precedes neuronal death in BG. Thus, other neurotransmitter systems are compromised, thus making PD a multisystemic pathology manifested by a series of motor and non-motor symptoms .
Examples of experimental tests showing a high and a low data dispersion.
The cardinal motor signs of PD are: resting tremor, plastic-type muscular rigidity, bradykinesia , and postural instability. This set of symptoms associated or not, forges characteristic clinical signs in patients with the disease such as gait and balance disorders, mask facies and dysarthria. In addition to these symptoms, a set of sensory autonomic and cognitive-behavioral symptoms may manifest during the course of the disease .
Whats The Best Exercise For Parkinsons
Its not a popular answer, but its the truth: The best exercise is one that is safe, enjoyable and that pushes you. Research supports a variety of exercises for Parkinsons treadmill walking, boxing, dancing and many others but one is not necessarily better than another. Some people prefer swimming to biking others like group fitness classes rather than exercising alone. Still others like to mix up their routine with a variety of workouts. Find what you enjoy and what motivates and challenges you. Then do it regularly, at least three times per week.
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What Is Parkinsons Disease
Parkinsons disease is a neurological disorder that causes problems with movement. These can include shaking, stiffness, and issues with walking, balance, and coordination.
Parkinsons disease can also lead to speech problems and side effects including depression, pain, and difficulty sleeping.
Parkinsons disease affects the cells of the area of the midbrain known as the substantia nigra. This part of the brain produces dopamine and relates to reward and movement. Parkinsons causes cells in the substantia nigra to die, which reduces dopamine levels and causes the onset of symptoms.
Make It To Your Appointments
The number of physical therapy appointments you need depends on your condition and goals. Generally, your first appointment will include an evaluation and exercise recommendations. In following appointments, your physical therapist will check your progress and add or modify exercises according to your needs. Make sure you attend all of your appointments to stay on track.
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Benefits Of Physical Therapy For Parkinsons Disease & Exercises You Can Try At Home
by Andre Porterfield Andre received his doctorate in physical therapy from A.T. Still University. He believes he has a unique opportunity to actively attend to his patient’s needs in any way that helps them reach their goals. Green Valley Clinic
Parkinsons disease causes characteristic neurological symptoms by affecting a particular area of the brain. Most people are aware that Parkinsons causes involuntary muscle shaking called tremors. It also causes problems with balance and slows movement. Joints and limbs can become rigid and stiff.
Because Parkinsons is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, it cannot be cured. Nevertheless, there are ways that you can manage the symptoms and maintain your quality of life. As part of a larger treatment plan, physical therapy offers significant benefits for people with Parkinsons.
Meaningful Physical Activity For Those Impacted By Parkinsons Disease
On the Day 2 video of the Upper Midwest Parkinsons Symposium, at timestamp 1:31, you will find a one-hour talk by Dr. Kristin Pickett, PhD. She explains the difference between occupational therapy and physical therapy . She believes those diagnosed with Parkinsons disease should have PT, OT and speech therapy as part of their care team early on. Especially if you hate exercise, you can incorporate physical activity/movement into your everyday tasks. This is what she means by meaningful physical activity.
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Establish A Regular Exercise Routine
Outside of seeking physician approval, its important to understand that the best exercise for Parkinsons disease is the kind that patients enjoy and will stick with. Forming a new habit can be daunting, but long-lasting physical fitness regimens are the most effective against PD symptoms regardless of their intensity. Activities that raise your heart rate and promote deep breathing are ideal, but every little bit helps. If an activity isnt clicking after giving it a fair try, then move on to something else that might be more promising.
How To Exercise With Parkinsons
Whether you’re a first-time exerciser or a lifelong athlete, the key to working out with Parkinsons is to safely and regularly move your body in a variety of ways. Your fitness regimen should include these four main categories of exercise:
- Aerobic activity
- Balance, agility, and multi-task exercises
People with Parkinsons should strive to perform aerobic activity at least three times weekly and to complete exercises from the other categories two to three times each week.
In total, the Parkinsons Foundation suggests performing 150 minutes of moderate tovigorous exercise weekly.
To help you achieve this goal, try these helpful tips:
- Invest in a treadmill, elliptical, or exercise bike. This will make it convenient to perform aerobic exercise from your home, regardless of the weather.
- Obtain a set of light hand weights from a local exercise shop or thrift store. These can be used for a wide variety of strength training exercises.
- Follow along with one of the many online exercise classes on YouTube that are tailored to people with Parkinsons disease. The Parkinsons Foundation and the Davis Phinney Foundation offer many great online exercise videos.
- Connect with a workout buddy by finding a local Parkinsons support group associated with the American Parkinson Disease Association
How Does Exercise Change The Brain
What happens in the brain to produce these benefits? A study conducted by Beth Fisher and her team at the University of Southern California found that on a day-to-day basis, people with PD who exercised moved more normally than those who did not.
The study also found that in looking at mice that had exercised under conditions parallel to a human treadmill:
Based on these findings, the research team believes exercise may help the brain maintain old connections, form new ones and restore lost ones. In certain situations, the neuroplasticity created from exercise in people with PD may outweigh the effects of neurodegeneration.
Benefits Of Exercise And Medication In Parkinson’s
In the last few years, the importance of exercise has become even more significant for people with Parkinsons. Research is showing that a tailored Parkinsons specific exercise programme is important for your health. This means that alongside medication, the right kind of exercise may improve your overall physical ability, your symptoms and the quality of your life. Exercise helps to slow symptom progression as well as to maintain general health and ward off concurrent cardiovascular risk factors, metabolic conditions, frailty and falls.
Exercise can provide the vehicle to teach you how to achieve that functional and efficient movement again, even if you have to work harder through the movement to achieve it. Parkinsons medication, among other things primarily is used to enhance, replace or simulate the missing dopamine in your system. This can have very good effects on your movement, and to some extent your mood, overall. It is important that your medication is optimised for your needs as well. This often requires regular updates with your doctor to ensure you are functioning at your best.
The best approach to managing your Parkinsons with exercise is to target your symptoms appropriately and to be optimally medicated.
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Synthesis Of Data And Meta
Meta-analysis was performed using Cochrane review manager software version 5.3 . Based on the study design, a meta-analysis was conducted on the comparative study of the exercise with conventional drug treatment combination and conventional drug monotherapy groups. Separately, a meta-analysis was conducted on the comparative study of exercise and conventional drug treatment combination and on the regular activity and conventional drug treatment combination groups. The efficacy estimates were obtained from the relative risk for dichotomous variables and from the mean difference for continuous variables. A random effect model was used based on clinical heterogeneity between studies. The statistical significance of the effect estimates was verified based on the total effect test, 95% confidence interval , and significance level of 5%. Meta-analysis was conducted by the classification of each outcome.
The Chi-square test and the Higgins I2 statistics were used to assess statistical heterogeneity. In the Chi-square test, it was verified that there was significant heterogeneity when the p value was less than 0.05 or the I2 value was greater than 50.
Getting The Most Out Of Physiotherapy Appointments
Your physiotherapist will assess your mobility, and specifically if you have difficulties with walking, transfers, balance and falls, your manual dexterity and your physical capacity, and why these problems occur. He or she may assess your ability to perform activities of daily living. This may take one or two appointments and your physiotherapist may want to assess you at home if problems mainly occur there.
Your physiotherapist, with your input, will set goals according to your specific needs and jointly you will agree a treatment plan. Generally this will be a combination of advice and education, plus an exercise programme and strategies to better manage your daily activities. When and how often you see your physiotherapist will depend on your individual goals and treatment plan.
Strength Training Helps Build Muscle Mass
Strength training can involve lifting weights, using machines at the gym, using your own body weight for resistance, or even using common household items like a milk jug filled with sand, the Parkinsons Foundation notes. Your strength training should focus on the following muscle groups:
- Hands and wrists
In general, strength training should be done two to three times per week, but scheduled so that youre not targeting the same muscles on consecutive days, as your muscles need to rest and recover, the foundation advises.
As with stretching exercises, strength training can be performed while standing, sitting, or while on the ground.
The Wisconsin Parkinson Association recommends several exercises to help strengthen your grip and improve your reach. Tasks such as handwriting and reaching for items on higher shelves can be a challenge for people with Parkinsons disease, and hand exercises can help minimize these issues.
In general, resistance training helps build and maintain muscle mass, Subramanian says. The stronger you are, the more independent youll be.