Foods Containing Nutrients That People May Be Deficient In
Some research suggests that people with Parkinsons often have certain nutrient deficiencies, including deficiencies in iron, vitamin B1, vitamin C, zinc, and vitamin D.
The above study points out that some of these deficiencies may be associated with neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration, which are key factors in Parkinsons.
Therefore, people with Parkinsons may wish to consume more of the following foods.
Foods containing iron
The following foods are good sources of iron:
- certain fortified foods
What Is Parkinsons Disease
Parkinsons disease is a chronic, degenerative neurological disorder that affects older people most often, and men more often than women. Its believed to be caused by a combination of both genetic and environmental factors.
Characteristics of Parkinsons include tremors, muscle stiffness, poor balance and difficulty walking. Although symptoms vary from person to person, with time simple tasks like getting dressed in the morning or going to work can often become a chore.
Because Parkinsons disease is a chronic condition, symptoms usually persist over a long period of time and also progress with age. Each Parkinsons patient is different, so its common to experience varying levels of different symptoms. For this reason, some patients respond better to certain natural treatments than others.
What Makes Pd Hard To Predict
Parkinsonâs comes with two main buckets of possible symptoms. One affects your ability to move and leads to motor issues like tremors and rigid muscles. The other bucket has non-motor symptoms, like pain, loss of smell, and dementia.
You may not get all the symptoms. And you canât predict how bad theyâll be, or how fast theyâll get worse. One person may have slight tremors but severe dementia. Another might have major tremors but no issues with thinking or memory. And someone else may have severe symptoms all around.
On top of that, the drugs that treat Parkinsonâs work better for some people than others. All that adds up to a disease thatâs very hard to predict.
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What Makes Exercise So Helpful In Preventing Parkinsons
Parkinsons is characterized by a loss of dopamine neurons in the brain. A majority of PD research thus far has placed a focus on creating neuroprotective drugs to help combat this loss yet exercise hasshown to be neuroprotective and enhances a participants neuroplasticity with few negative side effects.
Exercise offers numerous physical and psychological benefits for all people but for PD patients, exercise helps maintain balance, improve mobility, enhance mood, and protect the brain. Exercise also remains a powerful long-term solution when compared to PD medications, which are considered short-term because they become less effective over time.
Exercise also functions as a type of targeted PD therapy to improve a patients gait, balance, flexibility, grip strength, and motor coordination. Walking exercises target gait issues, while dancing lessons improve balance and coordination. Participating in resistance training improves strength and helps maintain muscle mass, which decreases with age.
For many seniors, physical activity also offers opportunities to have fun and socialize, which may alleviate symptoms of depression caused by PD. Fitness programs are an easy way to meet new people and connect with a wider community.
Other studies have shown that exercise is similarly beneficial for Alzheimers and dementia, two other progressive neurodegenerative disorders.
Tips To Slow Or Stop Progression
Some suggest that you may be able to delay some of the effects of Parkinsons disease through regular physical activity. Ideally this would include a combination of exercise that includes:
- aerobic activity
- balance training
- functional activities
The NINDS has funded a number of studies to learn more about the impact of exercise, including whether exercise might help people delay the need for medication.
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Many Benefits No Side Effects
Rebecca Gilbert, MD, PhD, vice president and chief scientific officer of the American Parkinson Disease Association, who was not involved in either study, told Medscape Medical News that the idea of art therapy for patients with Parkinson’s is “very reasonable.”
She highlighted that “people with Parkinson’s have many issues with their visuospatial abilities,” as well as their depth and distance perception, and so “enhancing that aspect could potentially be very beneficial.”
“So I’m hopeful that it’s a really good avenue to explore, and the preliminary data is very exciting.”
Gilbert also highlighted that the “wonderful” aspect of art therapy is that there are “so many benefits and not really any side effects.” Patients can “take the medsand then enhance that with various therapies, and this would be an additional option.”
Another notable aspect of art therapy is the “social element” and the sense of “camaraderie,” although that has “to be teased out from the benefits you would get from the actual art therapy.”
Finally, Gilbert pointed out that the difference between the current trial and Cucca’s trial is the presence of a control group.
“Of course, it’s not blinded, because you know whether you got therapy or notbut that extra element of being able to compare with a group that didn’t get the treatment gives it a little more weight in terms of the field.”
No funding was declared. The authors have disclosed no relevant financial relationships.
Ways Physical Therapists Help Slow The Progression Of Parkinson’s Disease
It is well-known that exercise of any kind is good for each person’s health, both body and mind. But did you know that it is even more important for those living with Parkinson’s disease? Physical therapy is key to slowing down the disease. And it helps those affected to stay as independent as possible.
Studying Proteins To Halt Or Slow The Progression Of Parkinsons
A protein called alpha-synuclein, which accumulates in clumps in the brain cells of people with Parkinsons disease, has long been the target of researchers investigating the causes of this degenerative illness. The way alpha-synuclein interacts with other proteins is thought to be the key to how Parkinsons progresses.
At Laval University, Associate Professor Martin Lévesque concentrates on the relationship between alpha-synuclein and another protein called Rin. Levesque uses genetically modified mice models to increase the amount of Rin in the dopamine-generating brain cells. Lévesques research is made possible through a Pilot Project Grant from the Parkinson Canada Research Program for $50,000 over one year.
During previous tests at the cellular level, increasing Rin decreased the amount of alpha-synuclein building up in neurons.
Rin increases the cells ability to get rid of toxic proteins, says Lévesque.
Lévesque and other researchers believe Parkinsons results when the normal protein-clearing process in cells goes awry, allowing toxic amounts of alpha-synuclein to build up and kill the dopamine cells.
Were interested in how these dopamine-producing brain cells make their connection, and what the factors are that maintain and ensure their survival, he says.
The next step in Lévesques research will be screening for a drug that increases Rin.
What Type Of Exercise Is Best
Any type of exercise is beneficial, so patients should focus on activities they enjoy. Patients who engage in movement and training exercises like yoga, jogging, swimming, cycling, or calisthenics improve their physical fitness and work towards alleviating PD symptoms. For example, yoga improves balance and flexibility, while running or cycling increases endurance.
More important than the type of exercise is the frequency that patients exercise. Patients with PD who engaged in exercise programs of any kind for longer than six months have shown improvement in balance and mobility far more than individuals who enrolled in short-term programs.
Studies indicate that short bursts of intense exercise may also be more effective than longer, less demanding sessions. A recent study published in the Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine outlined the impact of High-Intensity Interval Training cycling in patients with mild-to-moderate PD. Participants saw improvements in their cardiovascular health, brain functionality, and their bodys circulation of oxygen after periods of short, intense bursts of cycling for three times a week over an eight week period.
When Is It Best To Start The Parkinsons Drug Levodopa
Earlier treatment with levodopa provides symptomatic relief to those with symptoms but does not appear to slow Parkinsons disease from progressing. Therefore, timing is best determined by symptoms.
The treatment of Parkinsons disease is complex. Levodopa is the main drug used to reduce tremors and muscle stiffness. Whether it modifies the course of the disease or becomes less effective over time is debated, and it can have side effects, so patients and clinicians sometimes prefer to delay starting treatment.
This Dutch trial involved 445 participants with a recent diagnosis of Parkinsons disease, enrolled over five years. About half took levodopa for 80 weeks, and half placebo for the first 40 weeks and levodopa for the last 40 weeks. There was no difference in symptoms between the groups at the end of the study.
This evidence supports current guidance to start levodopa when symptoms begin to affect the quality of life and confirm that it has insufficient impact on disease progression to justify earlier treatment.
Art Therapy Linked To Slowed Parkinson’s Progression
Adding art therapy to standard drug treatment in Parkinson’s disease not only improves severity of both motor and nonmotor symptoms, but also slows rates of disease progression, new research suggests.
Fifty PD patients were randomly assigned to receive either art therapy, including sculpting and drawing, plus drug therapy or drug therapy alone, and followed up over 12 months.
Patients receiving combined therapy experienced improvements in symptoms, depression, and cognitive scores, and had reduced tremor and daytime sleepiness. They were also substantially less likely to experience disease progression.
“The use of art therapy can reduce the severity of motor and nonmotor manifestations of Parkinson’s disease,” said study investigator Iryna Khubetova, MD, PhD, head of Neurology Department, Odessa Regional Clinical Hospital, Odessa, Ukraine.
Crucially, the positive effects “persisted throughout the observation period,” she added.
The findings were presented at the 34th European College of Neuropsychopharmacology Congress, held in Lisbon, Portugal and virtually because of the pandemic.
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Diet And Exercise May Play Key Roles
Parkinson’s disease results from the death of dopamine-producing nerve cells within an area of the brain called the substantia nigra.
Since dopamine regulates movement, depletion of it results in motor symptoms like shaking, stiffness, and walking problems. Non-motor symptoms, like depression, sleep problems, and loss of smell, also commonly occur.
While there is no definitive way yet to prevent Parkinson’s disease, eating a “brain-healthy” diet and incorporating physical activity into your daily routine might help reduce the risk or delay symptom onset. This article reviews the potential roles of diet and exercise in PD prevention.
Experts Explore Which Of The Existing Strategies To Slow Down Or Stop The Processes Of Parkinsons Disease Are Most Likely To Be Successful Over The Next 20 Years
Understanding of the processes involved in Parkinsons disease degeneration has vastly improved over the last 20 years. Published in the Journal of Parkinsons Disease, authors Tom Foltynie, MBBS, PhD, Department of Clinical and Movement Neurosciences, UCL Institute of Neurology & The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, UK, and J. William Langston, MD, Associate Director, Stanford Udall Center, Department of Pathology, Stanford University, USA, explain the progress of research.
The Holy Grail Of Research
Slowing disease progression in PD has been described as the holy grail of research, the authors add.
Below are a few examples of the promising developments:
The authors conclude: There are currently no drugs that have been proven to slow down PD progression. Demonstrating that one or several of the candidate approaches is successful will lead to a frameshift in patient care.
Useful cooperation and coordination between investigators around the globe are significantly accelerating the path towards discovering agents that may slow, stop, or even reverse the progression of PD.
Environmental And Genetic Factors
Scientists are also working to learn more about environmental factors and genetic factors that might contribute to the risk of developing Parkinsons. One recent genetic research breakthrough is the development of a DNA chip called NeuroX, which could potentially determine a persons risk, but more research is needed.
Parkinsons disease is the result of complicated combination of interconnected events, as described it. Since aging is the most common risk factor, future treatments may need to take degeneration of certain neurons into account.
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Risk Factors And Causes
There isnt one single cause of Parkinsons that has been proven at this time. Researchers believe a loss of the neurotransmitter dopamine, neurological damage, inflammation and brain cell deterioration are among the primary factors that trigger Parkinsons development. But why exactly patients develop these problems is a complex issue that remains up for debate.
What is known is that certain risk factors can make someone more susceptible to developing Parkinsons disease, which can include:
- Being a man, especially during older age. Research suggests that men in their 50s and 60s are most likely to develop Parkinsons.
- Genetic susceptibility: Studies have now identified several gene mutations that can put someone at a greater risk. Parkinsons has also been found to run in families, and having a sibling or parent increases someones risk.
- Damage to the area of the brain called the substantia nigra, which produces brain cells that are responsible for making dopamine.
- Toxicity and exposure to chemicals, including pesticides present on produce from non-organic farming. Living in a rural area and drinking well-water that might contain chemicals is another environmental risk factor.
- Poor diet, nutrient deficiencies, food allergies and an unhealthy lifestyle.
- Hormonal imbalances and other medical conditions that affect cognitive health and increase inflammation.
Ways To Improve Speech In Parkinsons Disease
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Parkinsons disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects the motor neurons. As it progresses, the person with PD may become harder to understand as their voice becomes softer or hoarse. Their face may become more masked or expressionless, and their voice may sound monotone with less emotion. They may speak faster , mumble, or repeat . Together these symptoms are known as hypokinetic dysarthria.
A speech-language pathologist is a specialist in communication disorders and can help a person with PD to speak more clearly and confidently. Here are 9 ways an SLP can help:
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Add Medication For A Winning Combo
Diet and exercise are important for managing PD, but dont forget about medications. Take them regularly and exactly as your doctor prescribes.
If you tend to forget your medication, set an alarm to remind you. You can also use a pillbox thats labeled with days and times of day. Take your meds on a set schedule, dont skip doses and dont double dose, says Dr. Gostkowski. When youre diligent about taking your medications and following a healthy lifestyle, youll feel your best.
How Often Do Patients Need To Exercise To Benefit
Patients need to engage in at least 150 minutes of exercise each week to see an impact. In a paper published in JAMA Neurology, researchers were able to delay the progression of PD for six months through exercise alone, splitting exercise into three sessions per week, with each session increasing the participants heart rate to a maximum of 80-85%.
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What You Can Expect
Parkinson does follow a broad pattern. While it moves at different paces for different people, changes tend to come on slowly. Symptoms usually get worse over time, and new ones probably will pop up along the way.
Parkinsonâs doesnât always affect how long you live. But it can change your quality of life in a major way. After about 10 years, most people will have at least one major issue, like dementia or a physical disability.
Why Exercise Can Help Delay The Onset Of Parkinsons Disease
Parkinsons disease affects more than a million people in the United States alone, and it is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder in the country. It is also the most common of movement disorders, which also include neurological disorders like Dystonia, Huntingtons disease, Tourettes syndrome, and others. In fact, there are 60,000 new patients diagnosed with PD each year, and men are one and a half times more likely to develop the disease than women.
PD affects both motor and non-motor related faculties and could include symptoms such as tremors, limb rigidity, gait and balance difficulties, slowness of movement, depression, constipation, sleep issues, and cognitive impairment. Though these symptoms may not be readily apparent, they develop and progress as the disease spreads.
Experts remain unsure exactly what causes Parkinsons a combination of environmental and genetic factors seems to be at play but the good news is that there are ways to slow its onset and protect against its development. One helpful method is to maintain good health through a balanced diet high in fiber and antioxidant-rich foods . Other preventative measures include getting proper sleep, minimizing stress, limiting exposure to toxins, and avoiding head injuries.
Research shows that something else is also promising in preventing and delaying the onset of PD: regular exercise.
New Research Suggests Simple Exercise May Provide Hope For The One Million People Who Suffer From Parkinsons Disease
New research suggests simple exercise may provide hope for the one million people who suffer from Parkinsons Disease . This remedy may provide even greater benefits to those who have been, or will be, diagnosed with Young Onset Parkinsons. Exercise may provide relief for the increasingly debilitating symptomssuch as lack of mobility, tremors, stiffness, speech impairment and mood disordersand even slow the progression of the disease itself.